What’s The Difference Drywall Vs. Plaster

What’s The Difference? Drywall Vs. Plaster

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    Granite countertops, the total square footage of the new space, and the number of windows in the new space are common factors that people take into consideration when constructing a new home or renovating an existing one. The interior walls of the home are frequently overlooked, despite being one of the most essential components of the structure.

    There are a lot of people who don't give much thought to the walls of their home until there's a problem with them or until they move into a studio apartment. On the other hand, interior walls offer a sense of separation and personal privacy to occupants. Insulators, sound barriers, and even an additional line of defence against fire are all possible applications for these materials.

    Plaster and drywall are the two most common types of materials used for the construction of interior walls. Plaster has been put to use ever since the beginning of recorded history. When making the first plasters, lime, sand, animal hair, and water were the primary ingredients. Egyptian tombs, such as the one that belonged to Queen Nefertari, have paintings on the plaster walls that line the interiors of the tombs. It is well known that ancient Roman homes were decorated with fresco paintings at some point. Frescos are works of art that are painted directly onto wet plaster using a variety of colours.

    We have a wide range of property plaster repairs at Hitch Property Constructions.

    Gypsum-based plasters, an alternative to lime-based plasters, had a much faster drying time than lime-based plasters did. This newly developed kind of plaster gained popularity as a result of the fact that it sped up the process of constructing buildings.

    Because of advancements in technology, drywall has become both more resilient and more readily available. By the 1950s, the popularity of drywall as a material for the construction of interior walls had skyrocketed. Today, the majority of the interior walls found in contemporary homes are finished with this product.

    Plaster and drywall, both commonly used for interior wall applications, will have their compositions, as well as advantages and disadvantages, dissected and discussed here.

    DRYWALL VS. PLASTER

    There are two common approaches to finishing a wall: plastering it or using drywall. Both approaches have their advantages, but there are times when one is preferable to the other. The two most important aspects that will be taken into consideration when you are choosing which product to use are our budget and our look.

    Plastering requires more labour than drywall assembly does.

    In point of fact, one of the reasons for the surge in popularity of drywall during World War II was the lack of available workers. Plasterers are more specialised tradespeople than drywall installers are today, so the availability of skilled workers in your area should be the first thing you check before committing to the high-maintenance material. Plastering is a traditional method of finishing walls and ceilings. When it comes to repair work, it can be as easy as touching up a bit of plaster or as complicated as reconstructing the wall, particularly in situations where electrical or plumbing work needs to be done behind the walls. Drywall repair, on the other hand, although it is a multi-step process, is typically simpler and much easier for useful property owners to complete on their own.

    Plaster costs more than drywall.

    Plaster installation requires more specialised ability than drywall installation does, and it also takes longer to complete, so the cost of labour alone will typically be about three times greater or more than what it would be for drywall installation. The material expenses are equivalent.

    Although it is possible to hang things on plaster, it is much simpler to use drywall for this purpose. Plaster is a more brittle and difficult to work material than drywall. When the wall is made of drywall, it is possible to use thumbtacks to hang posters on the wall. However, if the wall is made of plaster, it is highly unlikely that the point of a tack could penetrate the plaster.

    Most importantly, there is a possibility that the plaster will crack or split as a result of your actions. If you need to hang something on a plaster wall, like a picture frame, use screws instead of nails to avoid any potential damage. Using a hammer on a plaster wall could have disastrous results.

    Plaster has a greater ability to absorb sound. On the other hand, drywall is typically associated with improved insulation. Plaster is a dense material that blocks sound transmission much more effectively than gypsum drywall does. Plaster, on the other hand, has a higher density, but it cannot compete with the thermal capabilities of standard drywall when it is combined with the modern insulation that is typically found today.

    The process of installing drywall affords the installer such flexibility that it is possible to accommodate those layers. Plaster walls can be difficult to work with, and retrofitting them with insulation can be challenging. However, the payoff in terms of energy efficiency is still lower for plaster walls than it is for drywall walls that have been insulated.

    Plaster has a higher-end look.

    It is possible to apply it in either a smooth and shiny surface or a textured surface that resembles stucco. Plaster is still used for a variety of aesthetic upgrades, despite the fact that drywall has become the industry standard in the majority of houses built today. Plaster, as an example, might be a better choice for curved walls than the material that is typically used, which is drywall. This is due to the fact that it is difficult, at best, and impossible, at worst, to get drywall to bend in the desired manner.

    THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF DRYWALL

    Drywall is the option that requires more labour but has lower overall costs. Professionals in the drywall industry are capable of hanging drywall in a short amount of time with great effectiveness, and drywall is unquestionably the most popular alternative to other wall finishes. Drywall is not as effective at blocking sound as plaster walls because the panels used to construct dry wall are much thinner. In spite of this, drywall offers a number of different insulation options, which makes it a more energy-efficient option than other wall materials.

    THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF PLASTER

    Plaster is regarded as a luxurious material for wall finishes. Plastering walls requires specialised training and skills, making it a more labor-intensive process than hanging or fixing drywall. Plastering walls also requires more time to complete. In addition to these factors, a plaster wall can give your home a unique texture and atmosphere that can't be achieved with any other type of wall. It is also considered to be the option that offers the greatest sound resistance; however, given its lack of insulation, it may result in higher monthly energy bills.

    When deciding which product to utilise in your home, make sure that you give careful consideration to both of these benefits and drawbacks. When you have made your decision, call Mr. Handyman to schedule a consultation with a knowledgeable drywall contractor or plaster wall installer, whichever you decide to go with. Because of our extensive education and years of professional experience, we are able to assist you in removing home repairs from your "To Do" list.

    Inside Plaster

    Gypsum plaster is the most common type of plaster used for the finishing of interior walls. The production process for plaster walls typically consists of three coats being applied. To begin, the lath needs to have the framing that it is attached to protected. Lath has traditionally been crafted from strips of wood; however, in more recent times, metal and plasterboard have actually begun to replace wood as a material of choice. The lath gives the sticky plaster something to adhere to and hold onto. Looking for plaster patching on your property? Look no further! Hitch Property Constructions has you covered.

    Plaster compound must be mixed after the lath has been secured in place before it can be applied. The component is typically delivered in a dry form and requires the addition of water before use. Even though this step might seem fairly straightforward at first, achieving the desired level of consistency requires a significant amount of both skill and experience. Plaster can at long last be applied to the wall in this step. The very first coat of plaster is applied, scratched and left to dry. It is then followed by the second coat, also known as the brown coat, and after that, the wall is given its final layer to complete it.

    Plaster walls are typically thicker than drywall walls because of the various coats and lathing that are applied to them. This extra thickness can result in a higher air barrier. Additionally, as a result of this density, a good sound barrier is created between rooms. Plaster has the potential to provide a substantially more rigid wall, which, when combined with properly executed lathing and framing, reduces the likelihood of the wall buckling or cracking. Plaster is an option worth considering for curved or irregular surfaces because it is not a particularly strong material when it is applied to the wall. Last but not least, the fact that the plaster itself contains a high percentage of water is what gives the walls their fireproof qualities.

    Inside Drywall

    The core material for basic plaster drywall is created by combining calcined gypsum with water and, at times, additives [source: Gypsum Association]; this mixture is then allowed to set. After that, the dense material is compressed, or flattened, between two different layers of paper, and then allowed to dry. The face of the paper is the side that is strong and smooth, while the back, which is also known as the reverse side, has a more uneven texture.

    When compared to the process of plastering, the installation of drywall can be completed in a shorter amount of time. The boards are trimmed down to conform to the contours of the walls. After that, they are safeguarded up until the rough framing of your house. Following the installation of the boards, the corner beads are fastened to the four corners in order to create a straight edge. After that, the seams, corners, and areas where the boards have been actually attached to the wall are taped with either paper or fiberglass-mesh tape on the walls. After that, the standard three layers of joint compound are incorporated into the structure. Sanding the wall between each layer helps provide a surface that is more uniformly smooth. After the third layer had completely dried, the wall was prepared to be painted when it reached this stage.

    Drywall has many advantages over plaster that are readily apparent. The initial procedure of setup requires less time and labour, which can translate into lower costs if done correctly. Drywall has the added benefit of being able to reduce noise, in addition to its inherent ability to resist fire as a result of the presence of water in the boards.

    Drywall is a popular choice for interior wall products because it offers a number of advantages, but it is not indestructible. The shifting of the structure, as well as accidents that occur in the home, can cause damage to drywall. A nail or screw pops when the head of the fastener causes a bulge in the drywall or becomes visible through the surface of the drywall. This is a common problem.

    Second, drywall made of gypsum is susceptible to damage caused by water if it is left in environments with high humidity for extended periods of time. There are drywall boards available that are specifically designed to have a higher level of resistance to water and are known as speciality boards.

    Mold is another issue that can arise with gypsum drywall boards in addition to their sensitivity to water. The elimination of paper on new gypsum drywall boards is being done to reduce the likelihood of mould growth.

    The appearance, the flow, and the atmosphere of your home are all determined by the interior walls, regardless of whether you go with the adaptability of drywall or the old-world charm of plaster walls. If you want to select the best system for your lifestyle, it is helpful to have a solid understanding of the benefits and drawbacks associated with both plaster and drywall.

    Despite all of these advantages, plaster has actually lost popularity among home builders and homeowners in recent years. Let's investigate some of the reasons why something like that might have taken place. To begin, the process of plastering requires a significant amount of manpower, which drives up the cost. Plastering takes a long time, both to apply and to dry after it has been applied. In addition, although the plaster is extremely long-lasting, it is possible for it to crack as a result of the building settling improperly if it was set up. While some of these cracks can be fixed with plaster or another substance that acts like a setting, others require more extensive structural repairs.

    It's possible that these are some of the reasons why homeowners and remodelers are now most likely to choose drywall as their material of choice. Let's take a more in-depth look at this product for the interior walls of a building.

    Expert Tips for Drywall

    Start With the Right Design

    Taking a pencil and making marks on the floor and ceiling to indicate the location of the vertical studs is the first thing you need to do when hanging drywall. The process of attaching the drywall panels to the framing will become much simpler as a result. (Before you begin hanging drywall panels, make sure that any work involving insulation and the installation of a vapour barrier have been completed).

    It is common practise for amateurs to instal drywall panels vertically, with the long joints aligned along a stud; however, this is not the approach that is typically taken by professionals. Install the panels in a horizontal fashion instead, beginning at one of the room's upper corners and positioning the leading edge of each panel so that it is flush against the ceiling. Installing the panels in the top row is typically done first by professionals.

    Make sure that the end of the panel is positioned so that it tips over the centre of a stud; in order to get it to fit, you may need to score and snap the panel. DIYers typically work with panels that are 8 feet long, but professionals typically use drywall panels that are 10 or 12 feet long. These longer panels can in some cases cover the entire length of spaces that are smaller in size.

    Crews that hang drywall professionally typically have two members working for them. When working in areas with higher ceilings, one of the workers may need to stand on drywall stilts in order to reach the upper panels. Drywall scaffolding is another option that can be utilised.

    In situations where an entire room is going to be drywalled, experienced teams will always start with the ceiling. When lifting panels into position against ceiling joists, the most effective piece of equipment to use is a pulley-driven drywall lift. On the other hand, some groups build "crutches" in the shape of a T in order to hold the panels in place while the screws or nails are being driven. When it comes to connecting drywall panels to walls, the techniques that are used are, with a few exceptions, the same.

    Attach the First Panel to the Studs.

    To begin the accessory, hold the panel in place in relation to the studs by driving some screws or nails into the completions and down the middle of the panel. When driving screws into drywall, they should be driven just far enough to create a dimple in the surface area of the drywall, but not far enough to break the paper surface area. The strength of the accessory is significantly reduced once the paper is broken. Drywall guns have clutches that are adjustable, which gives the user the ability to control the amount of screw bit depth.

    If you are working with drywall that is 1/2 inch thick, use screws or nails that are 1 1/2 inches long; if you are working with drywall that is 3/4 inch thick, use screws that are 1 3/8 inches long. Keep the screws at least half an inch away from the edge of the panel wherever they are placed along the sides of the panel. The screws should not be more than 16 inches apart from each other when they are connecting to the studs in the field. Along the side edges, the space between the fasteners should be between 8 and 12 inches.

    Cut the Adjoining Panel.

    Measure the time that has passed between the installation of the first drywall panel and the conclusion of the wall. In larger rooms, you might be able to instal a second panel that is completely separate from the first, but in smaller rooms, it is more likely that you will need to trim down the panel that is adjacent to you.

    The most efficient method for cutting drywall panels is to first score the face of the panel using an energy knife while the knife is being guided by a drywall T-square or metal straightedge, and then to snap the panel far away from the line that was scored. When the panel is bent in the opposite direction at an angle, the back of the drywall behind it can be scored along the fold. The panel can be easily severed into its component parts by following the initial instructions and snapping it back into place.

    Carry on with the installation until the first row of drywall panels in the leading row have been positioned and connected in between the walls. Before moving on to the lower rows of panels, professional teams will typically finish the leading row of panels that surround the entire space.

    Make Cutouts Around Outlet and Switches.

    During the process of construction, remodelling, rebuilding, renovation, and improvement, an unfinished electrical mains outlet socket with electrical wires installed in plasterboard or drywall for plaster walls in an apartment or condo is being worked on. The idea of making changes to one's home.

    You can take careful measurements and then move them to the drywall panels to mark cutout places in order to make cutouts for electrical boxes and other blockages. Other options include using a template. To speed up this process in a professional manner, however, you should first use coloured chalk to mark the edges of any packages or obstructions, and then place the drywall panel against the wall in its final position. To transfer the chalk markings from the panel to the back of the drywall, apply firm pressure to the panel while it is against the wall.

    The panel should then be removed, and the cutout should be completed using either a wallboard saw or a rotary drywall cutout tool in conjunction with the marks. After being attached to the wall with the appropriate fasteners (nails or screws), the panel can now be installed.

    Hang Drywall Around Windows and Door Openings.

    In order for drywall panels to be installed around door and window openings, the panels will need to have notches cut in them. In most cases, this is accomplished by first taking measurements, then marking the drywall panels, and finally using a rotary cutout tool to cut along the lines of the marks (a handbook drywall saw can also be utilized). Hitch Property Constructions has a wide range of Melbourne plaster painting

    When you are attaching the panels around the doors and windows, it is imperative that you use all of the necessary screws or nails because structural strength is essential. It is best, if at all possible, to avoid aligning the joints in between panels along the edges of windows or doors, or placing them directly above or listed below doors and windows, because the regular structural movement of your house can cause these drywall joints to break.

    Hang the Lower Panels.

    Next, install the panelling along the bottom row. To ensure that the vertical joints from the top row down to the bottom row are evenly spaced, the installation process should start in the opposite corner of the room. Drywall possesses the greatest amount of structural strength when these vertical seams are offset by a distance of at least four feet from one another.

    It is possible that you will need to make use of a wallboard lift that is operated with your feet in order to lever the lower panels upward and snug them up against the leading row of drywall. It has been decided that there should be a gap of half an inch between the bottom of the lower drywall panel and the flooring. This decision was made in order to prevent the drywall from buckleing and to allow for seasonal expansion and contraction of the drywall. The baseboard moulding will hide this gap when it is installed.

    FAQs About Drywall & Plaster

    Drywall is made out of softer material called gypsum which doesn't crack. Sheets of it are nailed into the wooden studs when finishing the interior of a house. Plaster, on the other hand, dries much harder than drywall, and is more labor-intensive and expensive.

    If you see uniform, rectangle sheets with brown paper backing, you have drywall. If you see thin strips of wood with hardened white material in the gaps between the wood strips, it's a plaster wall. Check your attic to see the backside of any interior walls or ceilings.

    If your walls in your house are ugly or dull because of plaster that is past its prime or not to your taste, you can cover the plaster with drywall. It's as simple as just putting the drywall sheets right over old plaster. By using some sheets you can cover up old imperfections without a lot of complications.

    Take a pushpin and press it on the wall using your thumb. If the pin pokes into the wall easily, that's drywall. If it doesn't, then that's plaster. A pushpin can penetrate drywalls easily because they're softer compared to plaster.

    For one thing, plaster is by nature a more durable finish than drywall, even high-level drywall finishes. In addition, plaster outperforms drywall in a number of key areas, including insulation, soundproofing, and fireproofing. One additional point in plaster's favor is that by nature, mold can't grow in plaster.

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