A building's foundation is one of the worst things that may happen. Foundations are what a house is built on and what keeps it standing. Foundation repairs are expensive and time-consuming.
Most foundation problems are caused by water. Wet foundation dirt can lose strength and mold can grow, making underground living spaces unpleasant.
Reinforced concrete foundations aren't watertight and crack. Vapour and moisture can get through. That could cause problems. Waterproofing concrete foundations means keeping water away from them.
Water in the basement is one of the worst calls a contractor can get. We try to avoid this before backfilling a foundation. Effective foundation waterproofing costs more initially. The upfront expense is a bargain compared to having to excavate the entire foundation and remedy the problem. Add in reputation loss and client unpleasant feelings, and doing it properly from the start is cheap.
Foundation waterproofing prevents water seepage and flooding from saturated soils. There are various methods and products for waterproofing a foundation, each with strong supporters. Like many house repairs, foundation water problems rarely have a single solution.
Basement Solutions' contractors create waterproofing systems to match a home's demands.
At Hitch Property Constructions, we offer the best range waterproofing services to rectify your water issues.
Concrete Foundation Waterproofing
Dampproofing is sometimes called foundation waterproofing. A waterproof coating is often put to a home's foundation to prevent soil moisture. This method doesn't prevent water from entering the basement through cracks and gaps. Effective basement waterproofing keeps out water and moisture.
Dampproofing is an asphalt-based coating sprayed or brushed over foundation walls. Many states mandate dampproofing. Waterproof coatings can't cover large gaps or holes and are damaged by coarse or incorrect backfill.
Waterproofing paints and primers
DIY waterproofing often involves painting. Most waterproofing paint is a thicker variant of acrylic paint.
Waterproofing paint won't block water seepage via fractures or porous concrete. Paint might peel if bubbles form under it. Paint can trap humidity in foundation walls, causing bigger, more expensive problems.
Waterproofing paint is a cosmetic remedy that doesn't function if the water source isn't fixed.
Exterior drainage systems
The installation or replacement of drainage pipes, often known as a French drain system, is required for exterior foundation waterproofing. This process requires digging down to the foundation footer. On stop water from getting inside the foundation through the walls, a waterproof membrane is sometimes put to the exterior of the wall.
Due to the excavation that must first take place, the cost of waterproofing an exterior foundation can be significantly higher than that of other options. The destruction of landscaping, porches, and driveways is another another drawback of the project. Even if they are placed properly, French drains frequently become clogged with silt and plant roots, and they are particularly susceptible to being crushed during the process of backfilling.
Interior drainage systems
The foundation waterproofing approach that causes the least amount of disruption is a system that is planned around interior drainage. The forces of hydrostatic pressure, also known as the pressure of groundwater pushing its way through the basement walls, can be effectively mitigated with the installation of an interior waterproofing system.
Jackhammering is done around the internal perimeter of the concrete floor, and then drainage piping is laid down. This directs any water that may find its way into the basement to a sump pump system, which then actively removes the water. It is common practice to advocate installing a backup sump pump that operates off of a battery in the event that there is a loss of electrical power.
Concrete Foundation Waterproofing Steps
No one will disagree with us if we say that excellent concrete foundations waterproofing should have been prioritised from the beginning of the project's design. One reason for this is because fixing the issue without having to excavate the site again is preferable. It is crucial to get it right the first time around. Remembering that the waterproof barrier is just one part of a much broader and more complex system is crucial if you want to do this.
In addition to solid wall construction, a waterproofing system should include the following:
- Putting in place a drainage system, both above and below ground;
- The process of putting down a barrier to prevent water from getting in.
Drainage: Below Grade Level and on Grade
This entails the installation of drainage pipes to divert water away from buildings' bases and the purification of runoff.
Waterproofing is a prerequisite for installing drainage. Without enough or proper drainage, a waterproofing system is useless, and a manufacturer will not stand behind his wares. Surface and subsurface drainage systems are required. The first line of protection against a damp interior is the foundation walls themselves.
Years of interaction with waterproofing contractors have given us the insight to make the following recommendations for improving water drainage below grade:
- Avoid having water pool around your home's foundation by installing a gutter and downspout system;
- Compact the backfill you place adjacent to the walls of the foundation;
- Creating a slope that directs water away from the structure is essential.
- Remember that even properly graded surfaces can alter over time, so it may be necessary to examine the ground surrounding the house on occasion.
Waterproofing Barrier Installation
The next step is to seal the cracks in the foundation walls. Up the meantime, we need to check the wall's outside and fill in any big fractures with anti-shrinkage mortar. Waterproofing is only effective on dry, clean walls. Get rid of any debris, filth, or weak materials that could prevent the waterproofing from sticking. Many different types of waterproofing systems can be used to protect basements and crawl spaces against water damage.
Foundation waterproofing safety
As in any form of job, safety should always be in the centre of our attention. Even more so when there are elements in the intervention that could potentially hurt the people involved. There are a variety of considerations for waterproofing basements:
- Injection hazard;
- Skin injuries;
- Flammable materials;
- Eye Injuries.
- Respiration hazard;
Waterproofing materials that use solvents must be kept away from flames and other ignition sources. Waterproofing products are extremely hazardous if they come into contact with the skin of the users or are inhaled by the workers.
Why Is The Winkler Scudo System The Best Solution?
The Winkler Scudo System is an impermeable trowel-grade waterproofing compound composed of special highly elastic resins and additives. Key characteristics include:
- Water- based;
- Ready to use;
- Increased safety.
- No primers needed;
- Highly adhesive;
- No backfill protection;
- High recycled material content;
- No toxic fumes;
- Environmentally friendly;
- Easy and fast to apply with a trowel;
- Produced in an Italian facility that generates 100% of its electricity from renewable sources;
What Causes Moisture In Basements?
Maintaining the dryness of your basements requires a thorough grasp of the elements that lead to the production of moisture in basements, and this understanding will be much more successful if it is based on a solid foundation of knowledge. Water has a knack for finding its way indoors, much to the chagrin of homeowners everywhere. Given their design and layout, basements are especially at risk of water damage. Some of the most typical causes of basement condensation are as follows:
Improper Drainage Systems and Soil
If water does not drain away properly when it rains or after it hits the ground, it may seep into your basement. Wetness in basements is typically caused by unsuitable soil and inadequate drainage systems. Water will collect around the house's foundation if no measures are taken to redirect it away from the structure. Eventually, the water will find its way inside through any available cracks.
Gutter installation and maintenance problems
Gutters should be installed so that water flows away from the house's base. Water will pool around your foundation rather than flow away from it if the drains were not constructed properly or if they were clogged.
The soil around your house's foundation should ideally slope away from it rather than towards it. Incorrect slope can cause water to collect next to your house instead of flowing away, putting your home at risk of flooding.
Hydrostatic pressure occurs when water accumulates near your building's foundation. When water is subjected to the weight of the Earth, it will try to find a way to escape the gravitational pull. If your basement has any holes in the floor or walls, water will seep in. In fact, if the pressure is high enough, cracks will form.
A Crack in Your Basement
Water can easily leak into your basement through any openings it can find, such as holes in the walls or floors or gaps around the windows and doors. Remember that water will always take the path of least resistance, so the presence of these cracks makes it easy for water to find its way inside.
As a general rule, basements are always moist. Condensation brings the risk of mildew, mould, and structural damage.
Black Goo Isn't Enough
Back in the day, when it came to keeping water out of basements, builders would employ a sticky substance made from asphalt. This oil refinery waste is resistant to moisture but not water. Asphalt goop can only stop wet ground from leaking through slabs of concrete. Soil saturation can break through asphalt damping.
To effectively waterproof a foundation, a membrane must be installed to protect the concrete, a drainage mat must be installed to relieve hydrostatic pressure and let water to drain down, not really in, and a French drain must be installed at the footing level to transport water to a daylight drain or sump pump.
The initial line of defence
Waterproofing the exterior of the foundation walls is the first order of business. The system starts with this first part. This may take the form of a membrane that is peeled off and stuck on, or a liquid coating that is painted on.
Applied With Liquid Membrane.
Modern SBR (styrene-butadiene rubber) materials are put to concrete as a liquid and effectively seal it against water. Since they are impervious to water and can withstand hydrostatic pressure they provide genuine waterproofing. A liquid sprayed over a surface forms a uniform, seamless layer. Liquids may be shaped without the need for origami to fit irregularities in the surface, making them ideal for use at footer-to-wall transitions, inside corners, and pipe penetrations.
Membranes That Are Peel-And-Stick
Different methods of watertightness A 40-mil membrane is applied to the footing ledge and up the wall about a foot to safeguard the footing joint. Three feet of 40 mil peel-and-stick cold-joint barrier should be applied on the vertical leg of the barrier. Usually, membranes are arranged vertically. Primers are recommended for use with the vast majority of peel-and-stick concrete products. With the membrane's backing removed, we roll on the primer and then apply it, resulting in a secure adhesive-to-adhesive bond.
Waterproofing membranes are followed by layers of insulation. The northern regions require more foam than the southern regions. Using plastic stab anchors has helped us successfully install insulation. Anchors can be stuck to a wall membrane with a peel-and-stick adhesive. We need to press down on the insulation and lock it in place. Anchors for drainage matting can be used multiple times. There should be no tears in the waterproofing membrane.
The next step for many construction crews after waterproofing the base is to begin backfilling. As a result, water might build up behind the barrier and leak through.
If possible, place a drain board on top of the membrane. Water flowing towards the foundation is diverted to the footing drains by the air gap created by this drain board. Think of the void as a pressure relief valve. Having a space between the ground and the foundation prevents water pressure from building up against it.
The drain board prevents rocks or road bases from puncturing the waterproofing membrane.
All systems designed to keep water out of a building's foundation and reduce hydrostatic pressure must include some sort of drainage. We always employ the tried-and-true French drain system that has served Americans so well for so many years. This is a drain pipe placed into the rock. All pipes with a Schedule 40 designation are 4 inches in diameter. Use PVC with a thicker wall thickness instead of the flimsy Schedule 20 (and the useless corrugated black pipe). Inverted pre-drilled holes. Coarse gravel or septic rock is spread over the pipe's outside rim, and this material needs to be isolated from the ground with filter fabric.
There is a secondary French drain installed inside the footing of many of the houses We construct. At 8- to 10-foot intervals, Schedule 40 is laid transversely through the footing to link the interior and exterior drainage systems. If a section of the drain fails, water can still find a way out through the other two channels.
The perimeter drain can be extended to the street on a hilly site, although we typically employ the usage of a sump pump instead. When it rains heavily, sump pumps often break down from overuse or a lack of electricity. In case the main pump ever stops working, we always have a secondary pump ready to go.
We have a huge range of waterproofing services Melbourne at Hitch Property Constructions that offers stress-free services for any water problem you got!
Which Technique Is Best for You?
We've established that every dwelling is unique. It's possible that the optimal strategy for waterproofing, according to you, is different from the strategy that works best for your neighbour. There are numerous considerations in basement upkeep. As the saying goes, prevention is better than a cure. Waterproofing your basement before it rains will yield the finest results. Water damage creates costly repairs and difficulties.
You may end up spending more money in the long run if you put off waterproofing your basement. There are a variety of ways to ensure that water doesn't seep into your basement; you should investigate your options.
Your money is going into this more than anything else. The safety of it must be ensured. Act before there's a problem. Preventative maintenance saves money and ensures a dry basement. Having your basement waterproofed will ensure that any moisture this winter does not cause any problems.
A waterproof foundation prevents flooding from the soaked ground. Asphalt damp proofing foundation walls. If the paint isn't removed, humidity trapped in a building's foundation may cause costly complications. In addition, French drains are needed for foundation waterproofing. Backfilling can clog French drains with silt and roots.
When the concrete floor's interior is jackhammered, drainage pipes are placed. So, the sump pump can handle basement water. To keep basements dry, know what causes dampness. Unsuitable soil and insufficient drainage cause excess moisture. Trowelling on an impermeable substance waterproofs with the Winkler Scudo System.
First, waterproof the foundation's outer walls. Modern SBR seals concrete against water as a liquid. A footing-level French drain must lead water to a daylight drain or sump pump. Three feet of 40 mils peel-and-stick cold-joint barrier are needed for the vertical leg. Drainage mat anchors are reusable.
Use thicker PVC than the thin corrugated black pipe. Before it rains, waterproof your basement for maximum benefit. Several strategies can keep water out of your basement. This winter, waterproof your basement to avoid moisture concerns. Cost-effective, leak-free basements require preventative maintenance.
- Most foundation problems are caused by water.
- Effective foundation waterproofing costs more initially.
- There are various methods and products for waterproofing a foundation, each with strong supporters.
- Dampproofing is sometimes called foundation waterproofing.
- A waterproof coating is often put on a home's foundation to prevent soil moisture.
- Effective basement waterproofing keeps out water and moisture.
- The foundation waterproofing approach that causes the least disruption is a system planned around interior drainage.
- Hydrostatic pressure, also known as the pressure of groundwater pushing its way through the basement walls, can be effectively mitigated by installing an interior waterproofing system.
- No one will disagree with us if we say that excellent concrete foundations waterproofing should have been prioritised from the beginning of the project's design.
- In addition to solid wall construction, a waterproofing system should include a drainage system, both above and below ground, and a barrier to prevent water from getting in.
- Waterproofing is a prerequisite for installing drainage.
- Years of interaction with waterproofing contractors have given us the insight to make the following recommendations for improving water drainage below grade: Avoid having water pool around your home's foundation by installing a gutter and downspout system; Compact the backfill you place adjacent to the walls of the foundation; Creating a slope that directs water away from the structure is essential.
- Waterproofing is only effective on dry, clean walls.
- Get rid of debris, filth, or soft materials that prevent waterproofing from sticking.
- Many different types of waterproofing systems can be used to protect basements and crawl spaces against water damage.
- Maintaining the dryness of your basements requires a thorough grasp of the elements that lead to moisture production in basements. This understanding will be much more successful if it is based on a solid foundation of knowledge.
- Given their design and layout, basements are especially at risk of water damage.
- Wetness in basements is typically caused by unsuitable soil and inadequate drainage systems.
- Gutters should be installed so that water flows away from the house's base.
- Water will pool around your foundation rather than flow away if the drains need to be constructed properly or clogged.
- Hydrostatic pressure occurs when water accumulates near your building's foundation.
- Water will seep in if your basement has any holes in the floor or walls.
- Water can easily leak into your basement through openings, such as holes in the walls or floors or gaps around the windows and doors.
- To effectively waterproof a foundation, a membrane must be installed to protect the concrete, a drainage mat must be installed to relieve hydrostatic pressure and let water drain down, not really in, and a French drain must be installed at the footing level to transport water to a daylight drain or sump pump.
- Waterproofing the exterior of the foundation walls is the first order of business.
- Since they are impervious to water and can withstand hydrostatic pressure, they provide natural waterproofing.
- Three feet of 40 mils peel-and-stick cold-joint barrier should be applied on the vertical leg of the barrier.
- Layers of insulation follow waterproofing membranes.
- Anchors can be stuck to a wall membrane with a peel-and-stick adhesive.
- We need to press down on the insulation and lock it in place.
- Anchors for drainage matting can be used multiple times.
- There should be no tears in the waterproofing membrane.
- The next step for many construction crews after waterproofing the base is to begin backfilling.
- A space between the ground and the foundation prevents water pressure from building against it.
- The drain board prevents rocks or road bases from puncturing the waterproofing membrane.
- All systems designed to keep water out of a building's foundation and reduce hydrostatic pressure must include some drainage.
- This is a drain pipe placed into the rock.
- The perimeter drain can be extended to the street on a hilly site, although we typically use a sump pump instead.
- According to you, the optimal strategy for waterproofing is different from the one that works best for your neighbour.
- There are numerous considerations in basement upkeep.
- Waterproofing your basement before it rains will yield the finest results.
- There are various ways to ensure water doesn't seep into your basement; you should investigate your options.
- Preventative maintenance saves money and ensures a dry basement.
FAQs About Waterproofing
Waterproofing is the process of making an object or structure waterproof or water-resistant so that it remains relatively unaffected by water or resisting the ingress of water under specified conditions. Such items may be used in wet environments or underwater to specified depths.
Waterproofing is a method which prevents water from penetrating your house. Waterproofing is very important as it helps keep your house dry. It helps reduce humidity inside the house and thereby protects things inside your house from damage caused due to humidity or water exposure.
Waterproofing seals the cracks in your home's foundation that are unseen to the naked eye. Essentially diverting ground water away from your home. If water gets in your home through the walls or ceilings, it can cause mold to grow. Mold grows within 24 to 48 hours.
Waterproofing is not Permanent !!!
These facts are played to escape the service liabilities by contractors, construction workers and engineers who just want to do waterproofing without technical know-how, skillsets and experience.
Exterior basement waterproofing can deal with all of these issues. The basic method involves excavating the soil away from the external basement wall, installing the appropriate moisture barrier, filling the surrounding area with gravel, and establishing a footer draining system.