Kitchen Renovation Ideas

What is a good size kitchen?

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    The kitchen is considered to be the centre of the home, and the kitchen island is considered to be the centre of the kitchen. It is a gathering place in the kitchen where people congregate to prepare food, eat, and converse. As a result, it is essential that in addition to its aesthetic value, it also possesses a high level of functionality and practicality. In order to achieve the highest possible level of ergonomics and practicality in your newly renovated kitchen, it is a smart idea to work towards the standard Australian dimensions.

    Is the height of the benchtop that you currently have in your kitchen too low? In all seriousness, at what height should it be? Kitchen designers certainly have an easier time of things when they have standard dimensions to work with because this provides a solid, workable framework on which to build an effective and secure kitchen design.

    Hitch Property Constructions has an extensive range of kitchen renovation Melbourne to take the hassle out of deciding the right furniture that matches.

    KICKBOARD HEIGHT

    The height of a kickboard is typically between 90 and 150 millimetres and is spaced approximately 50 millimetres away from the carcas of the cabinet. The height can range anywhere from 100mm to 200mm in total. The depth of the kickboard is fifty millimetres (measured from the front of the floor cabinet carcas and excluding the door).

    STANDARD KITCHEN BENCHTOP HEIGHT

    Standard benchtop height is 900mm. However, it can range anywhere from 850 millimetres to 1000 millimetres depending on your height. This is the measurement from the finished floor to the highest point of the benchtop. However, the height of the working bench can be anywhere from 850 millimetres to 1050 millimetres.

    STANDARD BENCHTOP DEPTH

    Many individuals get the dimensions of the benchtop width and depth mixed up. Benchtops can be any width (and the width will depend on the material that is used for the benchtop), but the standard depth for benchtops in Australia right now is 600 millimetres deep. (A benchtop depth of 450 millimetres is typically found in older homes' kitchens.)

    Benchtops typically have a depth of 600 millimetres (mm). But before we get to that, let's take a look at the depth of your refrigerator. Make the necessary adjustments to the depth of your benchtop so that the refrigerator does not stick out past the row of cabinets in your kitchen.

    STANDARD BENCHTOP THICKNESS

    Most Australian benchtops are engineered stones (Caesarstone, Quantum Quartz, Essastone, Smartstone) or laminate. The latter is 33mm thick, while engineered stone is 20mm or a multiple. If you want engineered stone, 40mm looks well-proportioned.

    Kitchen Renovation Ideas

    Laminate is by far the most popular material for use as a countertop, and its typical thickness is 33 millimetres. It is constructed with a substrate of particle board or MDF that is 32 millimetres thick, and a piece of laminate that is 0.8 millimetres thick is glued to it.

    The type of material that is used to make the benchtop will, of course, have an effect on the thickness that is achieved by the surface. Granite, limestone, and engineered stones like Caesarstone are some of the other materials that can be used for benchtops. They typically come in slabs that are 20 millimetres thick, and if the tops need to be thicker, the edges are built up by another 20 millimetres.

    • Laminate benchtop thickness = 33mm
    • Granite / limestone thickness = 20mm (or 40mm with built up edge)
    • Caesarstone (engineered stone) = 20mm (or 40mm with built up edge)

    When working with kitchen bench heights within the range of 1050 millimetres in height, you need to exercise caution. When installed, home appliances such as dishwashers will leave a significant space between themselves and the benchtop. You might want to think about elevating the height of the dishwasher by installing a drawer either underneath it or above it. Either of these options would work.

    STANDARD BENCHTOP DEPTHS FOR BREAKFAST BARS

    • 300mm
    • 450mm
    • 600mm

    STANDARD BENCHTOP DEPTHS FOR KITCHEN ISLANDS

    • 600mm
    • 750mm
    • 900mm
    • 1200mm

    The benchtop edge overhang is 20mm from the front face (door/drawer) of the floor cabinet.

    FLOOR CABINETS

    720 millimetres (plus or minus 4 millimetres) is the standard height for floor cabinets. However, the kickboard is not included in this price. Cabinet depth should ideally not be greater than 600 millimetres (handles excluded). The typical depth of a floor cabinet is 580 millimetres, which includes the thickness of the door.

    720 millimetres is the standard height for stock or do-it-yourself base (floor) cabinets, and 560 millimetres is the standard depth (without the door). In most cases, the width of floor cabinets expands by increments of either 100 or 150 millimetres.

    The maximum door width that can be accommodated by a base cabinet is 600 millimetres. This is because of the weight loading that the door is putting on the door hinges. If the door were any wider, there is a good chance that it would cave in under the pressure of the weight. You are able to get around this by installing two hinges on the very top of the door (one hinge under the other).

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    STANDARD KITCHEN DOOR GAP SIZE

    The standard kitchen door gap size (distance between doors) is 3mm.

    For instance, if the width of a cabinet with one door is 500 millimetres, then the width of the door will be 497 millimetres (500-3mm).

    A cabinet with double doors has a width of 900 millimetres, and the width of each door is 447 millimetres ((900-6mm)/2).

    Additionally measuring 3 millimetres is the door gap that exists between the underside of the benchtop and the top of the floor cabinet door.

    STANDARD DIMENSIONS FOR STOCK / DIY WALL CABINETS

    The height of a typical wall cabinet is 720 millimetres (plus or minus 4 millimetres). Wall cabinet depth should ideally not be more than 350 millimetres (handles excluded). At a minimum, there should be a clear space of 280 millimetres from the back of the cabinet. My preference is for a clear space minimum of 300 millimetres, which allows for easy storage of plates with large diameters.

    Wall cabinets purchased in stock or built by the homeowner typically have dimensions of 720 millimetres high by 300 millimetres deep (without the door). In contrast to the floor cabinets, the widths of the wall cabinets typically increase by increments of either 100 or 150 millimetres.

    Dimensions shown below do not include the door.

    • 300mm wide x 720mm high x 300mm deep (1 door)
    • 450mm wide x 720mm high x 300mm deep (1 door)
    • 600mm wide x 720mm high x 300mm deep (1 door or 2 doors)
    • 750mm wide x 720mm high x 300mm deep (2 doors)
    • 900mm wide x 720mm high x 300mm deep (2 doors)
    • 1050mm wide x 720mm high x 300mm deep (2 doors)
    • 1200mm wide x 720mm high x 300mm deep (2 doors)

    STANDARD TALL CABINET HEIGHT

    The height of a typical tall cabinet, such as a pantry or wall oven, is 2073 millimetres, give or take 20 millimetres.

    The height is calculated by adding the heights of the floor cabinets, wall cabinets, and splashbacks (720 millimetres plus 33 millimetres plus 600 millimetres equals 2073 millimetres plus or minus 20 millimetres). The depth of a tall cabinet is typically 600 millimetres.

    STANDARD KITCHEN HEIGHT

    The height of a typical kitchen is 2223 millimetres, give or take 20 millimetres. The height is found by adding the height of the kickboard, the height of the floor unit, the thickness of the benchtop, the height of the splashback, and the height of the wall unit:

    150mm + 720mm + 33mm + 600mm + 720mm = 2223mm +/- 20mm.

    SPLASHBACK HEIGHT (UNDER WALL CABINETS)

    600 millimetres is the height that is typically used for kitchen splashbacks. The lowest acceptable splashback height is 450 millimetres. If you have a wall unit over a sink, there should be at least 600 millimetres of space between the top of the sink and the bottom of the wall unit. This is the minimum splashback height required.

    RANGEHOOD HEIGHT ABOVE GAS COOKTOP

    600 millimetres is the height that is typically used for kitchen splashbacks. The lowest acceptable splashback height is 450 millimetres. If you have a wall unit over a sink, there should be at least 600 millimetres of space between the top of the sink and the bottom of the wall unit. This is the minimum splashback height required.

    STANDARD FRIDGE CAVITY DIMENSIONS

    The standard cavity or space in a refrigerator is 900 millimetres wide by 1800 millimetres high by 600 millimetres deep.

    In the Australian kitchen industry, leaving a standard fridge space that was 1800 millimetres high, 900 millimetres wide, and 600 millimetres deep was once a generally accepted practise. This was quite some time ago.

    The top-mounted refrigerator was the most common type of refrigerator sold in Australia at the time, so this "standard fridge space" was designed to accommodate top-mounted refrigerators of all available models.

    To our great regret, there is no such thing as a standard size for refrigerators.

    STANDARD OVEN / WALL OVEN DIMENSIONS

    The typical dimensions of an under-bench oven are 600 millimetres across and 600 millimetres high. The oven that is built into the bench can also function as a wall oven (and vice-versa). The typical dimensions of a pizza oven are 900 millimetres wide by 600 millimetres high.

    Wall ovens typically have dimensions of 600 millimetres across and 600 millimetres or 900 millimetres in height. Sometimes wall ovens can be 900 millimetres wide and 600 millimetres high (e.g. pizza ovens).

    FREESTANDING OVEN DIMENSIONS

    Standard sizes of kitchen appliances such as freestanding ovens or ranges (be they gas or electric) come in five standard widths.

    • 540mm
    • 600mm
    • 750mm
    • 900mm
    • 1200mm

    These are nominal dimensions (i.e. not exact but very close to) as different appliance manufacturers have varying standards.

    STANDARD DISHWASHER DIMENSIONS

    The typical dimensions of a dishwasher are 598 millimetres in width, 600 millimetres in depth, and 820 millimetres to 870 millimetres in height (using height-adjustable legs). The dimensions of the cavity in a standard dishwasher are as follows: 600 millimetres wide, 600 millimetres deep, and 870 millimetres high.

    Kitchen designers certainly have an easier time of things when they have standard dimensions to work with because it provides a solid, workable framework within which to develop an effective and secure design.

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    STANDARD ISLAND BENCH

    Distance 

    There is still a significant demand for galley kitchens that include an island bench. If you want to put one in, leave a space of 1200 millimetres between the kitchen row and the bench on the island. When there are multiple people working in the kitchen at the same time or when the children are running around your legs, it can be difficult to move around in a space that is too small. When there is an excessive amount of distance between the appliances, the kitchen becomes a less productive place to work.

    Width and depth 

    The length of the bench that you put at your kitchen island can be as long as there is room for it. If you go with a benchtop made of engineered stone, the only limitation you'll face is the size of the slab itself. The typical size of a slab is 3060 millimetres by 1440 millimetres; however, some suppliers offer oversized jumbo slabs that do away with the requirement of having an unsightly joint between two slabs. 1200 millimetres (mm) is a good width to work with for an island, particularly if you plan to place some barstools on the other side of the island. In this scenario, you want to make sure that there is sufficient room for your legs.

    Legroom

    In the morning or while you are getting ready to leave, an island bench is a wonderful spot to sit on barstools while eating breakfast or a quick snack. Under the benchtop, there should be legroom of at least 300 millimetres so that you can sit comfortably. You need to check with the manufacturer of your kitchen to determine the maximum size of an unsupported benchtop overhang that is allowed based on the material you have chosen.

    Walkway 

    Create a walkway measuring 1000 millimetres on either side of the island bench. Because of this, there will be sufficient space for people to move around without needing to turn to the side.

    Fridge 

    There is a wide range of sizes available for refrigerators. Allow approximately 800 millimetres in width and 780 millimetres in depth for a refrigerator with a single door. Typically, a double-door refrigerator is about 1200 millimetres wide and 850 millimetres deep. If you have chosen a refrigerator, you should check the ventilation space requirements listed in the owner's manual so that you can factor this space into your planning.

    Oven

    The width of a standard oven is 600 millimetres, regardless of whether it is built into the wall or placed under a bench. Standard options include 700mm and 900mm, which are suitable for large families and entertaining large groups of people.

    Overhead cupboards

    There must be at least 600 millimetres of space between the countertop and the overhead cabinets. However, you need to leave a space of at least 650 millimetres if you want to instal a gas cooktop in your kitchen. Follow the manufacturers' instructions by reading the manuals for the cooktop and rangehood and doing as they say. If you are unsure, please check with a professional plumber or electrician to ensure the safety of your family.

    Dishwasher

    Dishwashers and dish drawers are typically 600 millimetres wide, but they are also available in 450 millimetre widths, which are suitable for use in a studio or apartment.

    Sink

    There is a wide variety of styles and sizes of sinks. Allow for a length of about 800 millimetres and a width of 480 millimetres for a double sink, in addition to drainage space on the benchtop. Roughly 200 millimetres is the depth of the sink. If you want your kitchen sink to have a single bowl, you should plan for it to be 550 millimetres long and approximately 500 millimetres wide.

    Key Measurements to Consider When Designing the Perfect Kitchen Island

    Space around the island

    It is very important to plan for adequate room around your island in order to avoid traffic jams and poor flow, and this space should be the first thing you consider when planning your kitchen island.

    It is recommended that you leave a distance of at least 900 millimetres between the kitchen island and any fixed items, such as the walls, other benchtops, or pieces of furniture. Because of this, there will be sufficient space for people to move around the island without being required to turn to the side.

    You will need to plan for even more space wherever possible in the areas of the kitchen where people typically stand to work at the island or in other areas of the kitchen that face the island. Some examples of these areas include the stovetop and sink, as well as areas where appliances, such as the dishwasher and the refrigerator, open into space.

    In a kitchen with only one cook, a distance of 900 millimetres between the working areas of the island and the other benches is sufficient. The ideal distance is between 1,000 and 1,200 millimetres, however.

    Space behind diners

    Suppose your island's seating side is behind a wall, benchtop, or other furniture. In that case, follow these measurements to ensure diners have enough room to stand up. Depending on your layout, you may need room behind a seated person.

    If the area behind a seating area won't be used as a walkway, the minimum chair/stool pull-out distance is 600 millimetres. A minimum of 900 millimetres allows someone to edge behind a seated diner, and 1,100 millimetres provides comfortable walking space.

    Height of the island

    Benchtop heights of up to 950 millimetres and even higher are popular in the kitchen. Low benchtops are a common cause of back pain, so aim for 920 millimetres or whatever height is most comfortable for your family – 900 to 950 millimetres is a comfortable bar stool height.

    If your family members are different heights, design a single-level island bench to fit the main cook.

    The working area can be set at a comfortable height for standing food preparation, and the dining area can be lower or higher to accommodate chairs or bar stools.

    Make your island table 750 millimetres high for table-height dining. Use regular dining chairs.

    When determining the height of your kitchen island, consider the benchtop thickness. Benchtop materials range from thin stainless steel to 33-mm laminate to 40-mm granite.

    The working area can be set at a comfortable height for standing food preparation, and the dining area can be lower or higher to accommodate chairs or bar stools.

    Make your island table 750 millimetres high for table-height dining. Use regular dining chairs.

    When determining the height of your kitchen island, consider the benchtop thickness. Benchtop materials range from thin stainless steel to 33-mm laminate to 40-mm granite.

    When designing a kitchen, other standards are crucial. Professional or government regulatory authorities issue these standards, and they must be followed.

    FAQs About kitchen renovation

    Overall, average kitchens are about 161 square feet in single-story homes and 174 square feet in multi-story homes. In homes under 1,500 square feet, the average kitchen is 103 square feet. In homes over 4,000 square feet, the average kitchen is 238 square feet.

    Every kitchen needs a minimum of 10 feet of countertop space. If the kitchen is over 175 square feet the minimum should be 17 linear feet. A good rule of thumb is to have 1 lineal foot of counter to every 10 square feet of floor space.

    Kitchens can be categorized into small, mid-sized and large kitchens. As highlighted above, small kitchens measure 70 square feet or less whereas midsized kitchen measure 100 square feet. Large kitchens measure around 200 square feet and above and all these are just estimated averages.

    The U-Shape

    Arguably the most versatile layout for any size of kitchen, a U-shaped floor plan surrounds the user on three sides, so it allows for longer countertops and extra storage cabinetry. “If you have enough space, I love a U-shaped kitchen with an island in the center,” says interior designer Tina Rich.

    That said, having a bigger kitchen offers you the opportunity to change your eating habits for the better. Rather than living off ready meals that you only need an oven or microwave for, having ample space to cook and adequate storage for fresh ingredients will allow you to make and eat a wider variety of meals.A

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