You may save yourself the hassle of dealing with pricey home repairs by learning how to properly seal a concrete balcony. Unsealed concrete can easily be damaged by water, crack, or fail, causing serious problems for homeowners. Such problems can be avoided by sealing the concrete.
You might already know that waterproofing your outdoor deck is crucial to protecting your house from the elements. Waterproofing a deck prevents problems like mould growth and dry rot from forming on the surface. You probably don't give balcony waterproofing much thought, if any at all. Keep reading to find out if waterproofing your balcony is mandatory and why it is essential.
If you care about the safety of your home and the people in it, waterproofing your balcony is a must. This is especially true if your balcony is made of wood, as failure rates for these balconies are much greater than for those made of other materials. Balconies made of wood can develop problems such as leaks, obvious damage, and even hidden harm. One of the causes of these hidden issues is dry rot, which can weaken the structure. Dry rot, which spreads from within outwards, can weaken the structural integrity of wood. An easy technique to tell if a piece of wood is affected by dry rot is to press down on it with your palm or foot. If the wood is soft and gives when squeezed, indicating the presence of dry rot.
The fact that your balcony is made of concrete does not relieve you of all duty for keeping it in good repair. An additional necessity for concrete buildings is waterproofing. When concrete is waterproofed, it is protected from water penetration in a more substantial way. Concrete that has been waterproofed is protected from mildew, mould, and UV radiation, and it also resists cracking. This is especially crucial given the high levels of UV radiation that most balconies are subjected to. Think about the fact that waterproofing your balcony will save you money in the long run as well. Fixing water damage to a deck will almost always end up costing more than waterproofing the deck would have in the first place. Consult a specialist in waterproofing if your balcony is outdoors. Check out Hitch Property Constructions for a wide range of balcony repairs.
What to do before waterproofing a balcony or a terrace
Waterproofing a balcony or patio requires first determining the current state of the area. This is due to the fact that restoring or installing a brand new waterproofing system on a balcony or terrace might involve a wide range of solutions and stages, some of which are more invasive than others, depending on the balcony's or terrace's current condition of preservation.
The visible layer of the floor, the one now installed, must be inspected first to determine its current state. The preservation status of this layer may be easily examined because it is the lowest. This assessment can be done by looking for things like inconsistencies in joint volumes or the absence of volumes altogether. For the most part, water will find its way in through the joints, rendering the finish useless in its claimed function of waterproofing the surface.
The water will begin to erode the entire pack, which will have devastating effects on the individual parts. In a similar vein, the integrity of the flooring components can be examined, even if they are meant for usage in wet environments. There will be infiltration places wherever there are cracks or breaks in the same, as water will find its way in.
Why Your Balcony Needs to Be Sealed
Concrete, especially when it's freshly poured, has a look that's best described as tough. To the untrained eye, this crystalline, rock-like substance appears to be extremely robust and difficult to crack. Concrete, however, is porous, so it can really absorb moisture without being destroyed.
At first glance, this may not seem like a big deal, but when you consider that rain, snow, and ice will all be present on your balcony, you may start to see how important it really is. When you are out on your balcony enjoying the night, a glass of wine spilt can create quite a mess.
Having your balcony concrete exposed to the elements, such as rain and snow, can cause structural damage over time. With time, the surface will begin to show signs of cracking, allowing even more moisture to seep through. A broken balcony could become unsafe if this water freezes and expands.
An impregnating sealer can be used to fill the pores of the cement or concrete, preventing moisture absorption. The finished balcony will be impervious to spills and rain, making it less of a hassle to clean and less vulnerable to cracking and breaking.
Types of Concrete Sealant
The modern market offers a wide selection of concrete sealants, some of which are formulated with a silicone basis while others use water as their primary component. There are advantages and disadvantages to both choices that you should weigh carefully before deciding which one to buy.
Silicone Based Sealers
Silicone-based sealants cost more up front, but they last much longer than their water-based counterparts and are therefore less likely to need regular touch-ups. If you seal your balcony using silicone instead of water, you won't have to worry if it rains the day after you finish sealing it. However, silicone sealants have a strong odour due to the large concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) they contain.
Water-based sealants are less complicated to work with than silicone-based sealants since spills can be wiped off more easily. A spill on the ground below won't be as disastrous as it could have been if the sealer hadn't been water-soluble while it was still wet and drying. If you live in a very harsh climate, you may need to use a water-based sealer as often as twice a year. However, water-based sealers are better for the environment because they release fewer VOCs.
Waterproofing your balcony
Oftentimes, a balcony is a flat or apartment dweller's sole access to the outdoors. A balcony is a wonderful addition to any home, garden or not. It offers a quiet area to relax and enjoy the scenery without disturbing anybody else. Balconies are often made of reinforced concrete. You should waterproof your concrete balcony to prevent it from becoming ugly and unsafe due to water seepage through the floor's suspension. This article will go over how balconies are built, the effects that moisture can have on their appearance and structure, and the steps that can be taken to keep them watertight.
The construction of a balcony
A balcony can be constructed in numerous different ways. In some cases, the balcony is built on top of other balconies or is arranged in columns, but in most cases, it is simply hanged from the house. Beams dragged through the building's framework and anchors fastened to the structure's exterior can be used to achieve this. Reinforced concrete is commonly used for both the walls and the floor of a balcony. Reinforced concrete is a type of construction in which the concrete is poured into moulds over a framework of steel wires. When compared to unreinforced concrete, the structure's strength is greatly enhanced by the addition of reinforcement. Moreover, the reinforcement prevents the concrete floor from drooping, being damaged, or even collapsing.
The impact of moisture on your balcony
Because it is porous and includes water in addition to the cement, sand, and gravel used in its creation, concrete is not a completely watertight material. When building something, concrete is the material of choice. When it's damaged even a little, water can leak through, therefore it's best to avoid those spots. A balcony composed of reinforced concrete and including additional metal components into the support structure runs the risk of the metal rusting at some time in the future due to exposure to oxygen and water. The concrete and the structure will separate as the rusting metal expands, causing the concrete to crack. Concrete degradation is a process that can be identified by a number of telltale signs.
The rust stains on the concrete aren't the worst of it; the loose bits of concrete might cause significant injury to anyone standing beneath the balcony. And the building itself could collapse, with disastrous results, at some moment. As an example, in 2009, the combination of a deteriorating concrete base and rusting metal anchors led to the collapse of a large number of facade panels made of brick in The Hague (in the Netherlands). However, had this happened on a gallery or balcony with people on it, the results would have been catastrophic rather than merely damaging to property.
Waterproofing a balcony
The concrete of the balcony is typically coated with a sealant or protective layer. If that's the case, this layer needs to be carefully maintained and repaired as needed. Waterproofing concrete is especially helpful if any of it will be exposed to the elements, or if concrete is the only material used. Waterproofing the concrete is one option for achieving this goal. Only by employing Permacon will this issue be entirely resolved. Using Permacon eliminates rising damp and makes concrete completely watertight for the foreseeable future. In this way, Permacon prevents the growth of algae and fungi on your balcony and stops the deterioration of concrete.
The efficiency of the product known as Permacon is unparalleled. Constantly present in concrete are pores, cracks, and other openings of varied sizes. Permacon uses an insoluble gel to fill every pore in the moisture exchange area, which is a layer roughly 2 centimetres (cm) below the surface. The thickness of the moisture-exchange region is around 2 centimetres, as measured from the surface. The Permacon-produced solid gel is not liquid and remains in place even if moisture could normally be present in these places. This will prevent the damps from rising or absorbing any further moisture. In addition, the gel gets rid of any harmful compounds like chlorides, sulphates, or other impurities in the concrete. The final product is concrete with increased strength and invulnerability.
We manufacture a colourless liquid called Permacon that is both easy to apply by yourself and safe for the environment. Larger sections, such as a whole balcony floor, can be sprayed with a low-pressure version, while smaller surfaces and pieces can be painted on using a brush. The concrete balcony floor will look even better once a water-repellent coating, such as Oppercon, has been sprayed to it during the finishing phase. In contrast, this procedure is unnecessary when using Permacon because the product itself guarantees the waterproofing of concrete floors.
Looking for balcony repairs Melbourne? Look no further. Hitch Property Constructions has you covered.
Waterproofing a tiled balcony
Having a tiled balcony that is not adequately waterproofed can lead to a number of problems, especially if the balcony is situated above other living quarters in the building. Large amounts of water seeping in through balconies can ruin the inside of a building, leading to mould, peeling paint, and other costly repairs. Mould is another potential result of water damage.
There are two options to consider when water damage or leaks have already started appearing due to the absence of waterproofing or its failure.
Before opting for the second, more costly method, you may want to attempt waterproofing the area by applying materials directly to the existing tiling. You may be able to cut costs if you do this. However, keep in mind that a solid foundation or concrete basis is required for this process to go off without a hitch. Products applied directly over the surface in an attempt to repair leaks will fail in areas where the substrate has been visibly damaged (e.g., by cracks or erosion). This is because if the substrate or the concrete slabs are damaged, they must be fixed before the waterproofing can begin.
Another option is to remove the floor tiles and then apply or reapply the waterproofing material. It is suggested that a professional contractor be hired for such a task. You should get at least three estimates from local contractors and probe for information about completed projects through reference checks.
This article discusses waterproofing a tiled balcony in a more broad sense, covering a range of materials that can be applied directly to the balcony's existing tiles. Due of the individuality of each balcony, this is essential.
Efflorescence forms when salts accumulate, which can happen on balconies or in the spaces between them. Visible efflorescence is indication of water pooling or improper drainage because it cannot form without water.
Waterproofing a tiled area is as simple as placing a water-resistant membrane around the room's edges. It is crucial that you perform the installation as described in the suggested software's documentation.
Penetrating water repellent
Sealers that sit on top of the grout are called penetrating sealers since they do not allow water to penetrate. When grout is damaged or missing, it is important to use a product that both repairs the grout and keeps water out. A penetrating water repellent treatment should be applied to any tiling that will be exposed to the elements, and this treatment should be renewed as part of an ongoing maintenance programme.
Damp or waterproofing treatment
Wet or flaking paint can be repaired by applying a special treatment to the affected area. This type of treatment can also make an area watertight. Be sure to follow the directions on the product packaging while using it.
If your balcony has windows that look out onto the outdoors, you should plan for water to run off or drain away from the area. As a result, the balcony will be protected from water accumulation.
If at all possible, drainage should be incorporated into the building's already existing downpipes to lessen the possibility of water damage. If that isn't possible, then a downpipe must be installed to facilitate water drainage. Many homes have a pipe or open drain that is improperly constructed, allowing water to flow from the balcony but subsequently causing the water to run down the outer walls of the home. This drainage system might severely damage the building's retaining walls.
Numerous waterproofing alternatives, each designed for a specific purpose, are available at your local Builders Warehouse or hardware shop. Ask the manufacturer, the supplier, or a member of the sales team for advice on which product will work best in your situation.
How to Avoid Leaks on the Balcony or Terrace
If you're planning to lay flooring on your balcony or terrace, it's important to choose joints of the right size and the right substance.
One example is the widespread adoption of flooring options that have extra-large tiles. That's why it's important to make sure the flooring joints aren't too big compared to the tiles, or else the tiles will wear down the joints and increase the potential for water damage and pest infiltration.
Thresholds, which connect the balcony or terrace to the window-door that leads into the house, also deserve special consideration. Ideally, they would be at least an inch higher than the balcony's walkway, but increasingly, for aesthetic reasons, they are made at the same level as the floor, leaving the disposal of rainwater to the slope of the package. Here, the package's incline just affects how the water drains from the
Details like wall-floor joints, expansion joints, and drains generally require custom prefabricated pieces designed to work with the various waterproofing methods that are offered. These components, which can be butyl tapes, gauze, or strips, give an extra layer of waterproofing to areas where the risk of leakage is higher due to the complexity of the geometric conformation in question. In some cases, the floor at a wall's base may be slanted, and the expansion joint may be aligned diagonally.
Hitch Property Constructions has a wide range of the Melbourne balcony repairs right here.
Characteristics of the ideal product to waterproof a balcony or terrace
The best method for waterproofing a balcony or terrace must offer a waterproofing layer that is elastic and highly durable, and it must also ensure outstanding adherence to the cement bond that will be used to put the flooring. The procedure will have succeeded only at that point. It will be simple to implement because its parts have been meticulously researched to cover every last nuance.
The technical documentation for these systems must have characteristics that are consistent with the legislation currently in existence for the use to which they are put.
Realizing waterproofing systems for balconies or terraces requires expertise in assessing and, as a result, selecting the system that is best suited to the existing situation, whether it be new construction or the adjustment of a pre-existing one; as such, it must be realised flawlessly, paying particular attention to all types of details and the accurate treatment of them, which in most cases represent tuckpointing.
Unsealed concrete is vulnerable to water damage, cracking, and failure, all of which can have disastrous effects on a home's value. Decks should be waterproofed so that problems like dry rot and mould don't develop on them. If your balcony faces the elements, you should talk to a waterproofing expert. The concrete on your balcony will deteriorate over time if it is subjected to the elements like rain and snow. This water, once frozen, could cause serious structural damage to the balcony.
The pores in cement or concrete can be filled with an impregnating sealant to prevent moisture absorption. Garden or no garden, a balcony is a beautiful addition to any house. Relax and take in the sights in peace. Reinforced concrete is a common material for balcony construction. In order to keep your concrete balcony from deteriorating into an eyesore and hazard, you should seal it.
There is flexibility in the design options for a balcony. Both the walls and the floor of a balcony are typically made of reinforced concrete. When exposed to oxygen and water, the reinforcing steel in a concrete balcony might rust over time. Using Permacon prevents the return of rising damp and renders concrete impermeable. It prevents the deterioration of concrete and the growth of algae and fungi on your balcony.
To purify the concrete, the gel removes contaminants like chlorides, sulphates, and other hazardous chemicals. Putting a water-resistant membrane around the room's perimeter is all that's needed to waterproof a tiled balcony. Repair products used directly on the damaged surface will not work (e.g., by cracks or erosion). Water needs to be able to drain off your balcony if it has windows that view out onto the outside. The majority of houses have some sort of faulty pipe or exposed drain.
In this way, rainwater can enter the house via the balcony, but it will eventually drain away via the exterior walls. In order to be effective, a balcony or terrace waterproofing method must provide a waterproofing layer that is both elastic and highly durable, and it must also assure outstanding adherence to the cement bond. These systems require technical documentation with characteristics that are in line with the applicable laws and regulations.
- Such problems can be avoided by sealing the concrete.
- Waterproofing a balcony or patio requires first determining the current state of the area.
- Having your balcony concrete exposed to the elements, such as rain and snow, can cause structural damage over time.
- If you seal your balcony using silicone instead of water, you won't have to worry if it rains the day after you finish sealing it.
- If you live in a very harsh climate, you may need to use a water-based sealer as often as twice a year.
- The construction of a balcony
- Reinforced concrete is commonly used for both the walls and the floor of a balcony.
- Waterproofing a balcony
- The concrete of the balcony is typically coated with a sealant or protective layer.
- Permacon uses an insoluble gel to fill every pore in the moisture exchange area, which is a layer roughly 2 centimetres (cm) below the surface.
- There are two options to consider when water damage or leaks have already started appearing due to the absence of waterproofing or its failure.
- This article discusses waterproofing a tiled balcony in a more broad sense, covering a range of materials that can be applied directly to the balcony's existing tiles.
- Waterproofing membraneWaterproofing a tiled area is as simple as placing a water-resistant membrane around the room's edges.
- If that isn't possible, then a downpipe must be installed to facilitate water drainage.
- If you're planning to lay flooring on your balcony or terrace, it's important to choose joints of the right size and the right substance.
- Here, the package's incline just affects how the water drains from the.
- Details like wall-floor joints, expansion joints, and drains generally require custom prefabricated pieces designed to work with the various waterproofing methods that are offered.
- Characteristics of the ideal product to waterproof a balcony or terraceThe best method for waterproofing a balcony or terrace must offer a waterproofing layer that is elastic and highly durable, and it must also ensure outstanding adherence to the cement bond that will be used to put the flooring.
FAQs About Balcony Repair
When it comes to waterproofing the area beneath the substrate of terraces and balconies, the most common method is to use bituminous membranes.
Sealants for outdoor concrete are not only a worthwhile investment but also a necessity. The professionals who advise their clients to have a concrete surface sealed are doing those clients a tremendous service. Concrete will absorb moisture and begin to show signs of deterioration, including cracking, spalling, flaking, and discoloration, if this additional layer of protection is not applied to it first.
Concrete paint covers the top of the concrete but is susceptible to chipping and peeling if it is not applied correctly, whereas concrete stain is absorbed into the surface of the concrete to impart a translucent colour. Concrete stains are easier to apply, dry more quickly, and require less work than concrete paint; however, they do not provide any significant level of protection.
Even though basic waterproofing membranes have a lifespan of at least ten years, they have the potential to endure for much longer if the right choice and conditions are met. On the other hand, waterproofing that is of poor quality will almost never hold up over time.
Plastic, wood, aluminium, glass, wrought iron, and stainless steel are among the many materials that can be used to construct balcony railings.