Grout is an important component of tiling. It holds tiles together, preventing moisture and water from getting into the layers underneath. At the same time, it forms a strong network around the whole structure, helping keep every tile in its place as well as safe from cracks or chips. Grout is as versatile as tiles, and there are different types for different tiles. In addition, the grout may be made from naturally found material such as cement and sand or synthetics such as polymers and epoxy.
Grout is traditionally made by mixing cement, sand and water. It is then applied using a grout float. It takes about a day to dry and may need professional application.
A grout is any viscous, packable material that can be used to fill the space between two elements for bonding them or to create a water-tight seal. It is generally a mixture of water, cement, and sand and is employed in pressure grouting, embedding rebar in masonry walls, connecting sections of precast concrete, filling voids, and sealing joints such as those between tiles. Grout is a dense fluid that is used to fill gaps or used as reinforcement in existing structures. Grouts are used in a variety of applications such as repair of cracks, water – stopping in submerged structures such as canals, tunnels, etc., fill seams between tiles, and for stabilizing soil. Here we have briefed about types of grouts used in the repair of cracks. Grout is distinguished by its low viscosity and lack of lime (added to mortar for pliability). Additionally, grout is thin, so it flows readily into gaps. Grout varieties include tiling grout, flooring grout, resin grout, non-shrink grout, structural grout and thixotropic grout. We have a wide range of property Melbourne regrouting services at Hitch Property Constructions.
Major Types Of Grout Available
This type of grout is typically made from mixing cement, water and non-sand particles. It’s used in grout lines smaller than an eighth of an inch wide. This is because unsanded grout tends to shrink after drying. If used in grout lines larger than an eighth of an inch, it will shrink to the point where grout lines will be left exposed, resulting in an unsuccessful grouting job. Because it doesn’t have abrasive particles, this type of grout is great for natural stone such as polished marble and ceramic tile as well as shower floors and walls. It is also used with our mother of pearl tiles.
This is a cement-based mortar which has a bit of sand added to it. It’s ideal for grout lines that are larger than 1/8 inch because there’s no risk of the grout shrinking and ruining the grout job due to the presence of sand. Sand also provides extra strength to the grout joints, making the whole structure more resilient to wear and tear through the months and even years. This is great for ceramic, and stone tile since these types of tile have larger grout joints. Sanded grout is absorbent and may attract dirt; because of this, it’s a good idea to seal it once you’re done grouting. Lastly, do not use sanded grout on easily scratched tile such as marble.
This is the crème de la crème of grout given its strength, versatility and durability. Epoxy grout is made by combining epoxy resins and hardener. Given the fact that it’s impermeable to liquids and moisture, you may not need to seal this kind of grout. It’s suitable for places that come into contact with water such as backsplashes, kitchen floors and bathrooms.
Epoxy needs to be applied within a short time period because it can solidify shortly after being activated. If you have a large area that needs grouting, we suggest that you divide your grout into two and stash the other half in your freezer. This helps slow down the chemical reaction, leaving your grout pliable once it’s out of the freezer for use. Epoxy grout also comes in different colours, making it ideal for non-patterned tiles that require a grout colour that’s similar to the tile.
Epoxy grout does not scratch tile. However, to be on the safe side, test it on a small section of the tile before applying it en masse.
Furan grout is similar to epoxy, but it is made of polymers of fortified alcohols that are highly chemical-resistant. The name derives from the furfuryl alcohol included in the formula. There is no water at all used in this type of grout. Furans are two-component systems that contain a furan resin and a filler powder with an acid catalyst. It is the acid catalyst that causes the furan resins to cure, forming a thermosetting resin that has unsurpassed chemical-, physical-, and thermal resistance.
Furan grout is commonly used for grouting brick pavers and quarry tile, and it is also recommended in areas exposed to chemicals and grease. The tile surfaces may be smooth, non-skid, or abrasive, depending on the intended use for the floor. The tile or brick surfaces must receive a wax coating to protect them from staining prior to the installation of furan. Because of the difficulty of installation, these grouts are normally used for industrial projects, such as laboratories, dairies, and meat-packing plants.
Precautions should be made when mixing to avoid breathing the vapours. Special skills are required for proper installation, which must be done when and should be used when temperatures are between 60 degrees and 90 degrees Fahrenheit (70 to 80 degrees is ideal).
Types of Grout Used for Tile Installations
All forms of ceramic tile use some type of grout to fill and seal the seams between the tiles. Whether the tile is traditional ceramic, porcelain, or a quarry tile or natural stone, it is critical that the seams between the tiles be adequately filled with a material that prevents moisture from seeping down to the underlayment. To maintain this waterproof quality, all grout will need to be properly maintained—repaired when cracks form and periodically sealed to keep the grout truly waterproof.
There are three main types of grout: cementitious grouts composed of a Portland cement base; epoxy grouts, and furan grouts, with variations available in each type. Cementitious and epoxy grouts are available in different colours that allow you to match or contrast with the colour of tiles; furan grouts are usually available only in black.
Cementitious grouts have as their main component Portland cement, plus filler particles of different sizes, a water-retentive additive, and coloured pigments. Cementitious grouts are the traditional grouting material, used most often in residential applications as well as some commercial applications. Cementitious grouts come in a range of colours that let you match or contrast with the tile. This grout is mixed with water and applied with a trowel. Looking for regrouting services Melbourne on property maintenance? Look no further! Hitch Property Constructions has you covered. The water retentive agent in cementitious grouts retards the drying time, allowing the cement to slowly cure for maximum hardness.
When used with porous tiles such as quarry, slate, or other natural stone tiles, cementitious grout can stain the surfaces. Most professionals seal porous tiles before grouting—a step that is not necessary with standard glazed tiles.
Sanded vs. Unsanded
Sanded cementitious grouts include fairly large sand particles that can be seen and felt—they look and feel gritty. Sanded grout is normally recommended when the grout seams are 1/8 inch wide or more, as the sand provides extra bonding power that prevents cracking. Some care is required if using sanded grouts on highly polished tiles, as the sand can actually scratch the surfaces. Testing the grout on sample tile is a good idea.
Unsanded grouts have a much smoother texture since the mineral particles they contain are very fine powders that have no noticeable grit. They are used with grout seams that are 1/16 to 1/8 inch wide. When used with wider seams, unsanded grouts have a tendency to crack because they lack the binding power offered by sanded grouts.
Sanded grouts may be formulated with a latex polymer additive, either included in the dry mix or added in as the grout is mixed with water. The additive enhances the waterproof nature of the grout, and also increases strength.
Cementitious grouts are by far the most popular and can be used virtually everywhere that tile is installed. However, even grouts containing latex additives are somewhat porous and subject to staining. All cementitious grouts need to be sealed with a penetrating sealer every year or two to keep them stain-free and fully waterproof.
Epoxy grouts are an entirely different form, using no Portland cement. Neither is water used in the mixing process. These groups consist of epoxy resin, silica fillers, pigments, and a hardener. Epoxy grouts are considerably less porous than cementitious grouts and are a good choice in places where acids and greases are present—such as in kitchens.
Epoxy grouts come in both unsanded and sanded forms, although the type of sand used is different from that found in cementitious grouts. Epoxy grouts set up fairly fast, making them a little tricky for amateurs. Epoxy grouts are also much more expensive, costing about $8 per pound vs. $1 to $2 for cementitious grouts. But for areas where maximum stain resistance is required, epoxy grout may be an excellent choice.
Be aware that epoxy grout can badly stain tile surfaces that are porous and unglazed, such as limestone or quarry tiles. If using epoxy grout on these tiles, the tiles should be sealed before grouting.
One advantage of epoxy grouts is that they don’t need to be sealed, as do cementitious grouts. However, they can become stained. Scrubbing with a mixture of bleach and water, or vinegar and water usually does a good job of cleaning epoxy grouts.
Modified Epoxy Epoxy
Another type of hybrid grout is also available, which is essentially an epoxy grout enhanced with Portland cement. The characteristics of this grout are similar to standard Portland cement grouts—they require regular sealing, etc. However, the grouts are harder, stronger, and are more stain-resistant than standard cementitious grouts.
What Are the Advantages & Disadvantages Grouting
Advantages and Disadvantages of Compaction Grouting Chattanooga TNCompaction grouting is a soil strengthening and displacement method used to improve the load-bearing capacity of the ground beneath a structure. This type of geotechnical method is popular in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and throughout much of the surrounding region as a result of the loosely packed, dispersed soils in the area. Improving the bearing capacity of the ground soils underneath a building’s foundation is crucial to avoid sudden shifts in the soil and subsequent foundation damage such as cracking or bowing. Let’s take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of compaction grouting – a service offered by Engineered Solutions. Hitch Property Constructions has a wide range of regrouting services.
In compaction grouting, a grout mixture is injected into the ground at the elevation of the substandard soil, where it then densifies and studies the soil. Here are some of the key advantages of this ground-shoring method:
- Compaction grouting causes minimal disruption to the landscape, surrounding soils, and nearby structures.
- This technique can be utilized for projects that have limited access and require more delicate installations.
- It is cost-effective and easy to install compared to some other soil stabilization and ground-shoring methods.
- Engineered Solutions has used this versatile technique on a variety of projects, and it has successfully strengthened ground soils in each instance.
Truth be told, there are few disadvantages associated with compaction grouting. It is a very effective, affordable, and practical soil stabilization technique, and many satisfied clients throughout the region have been pleased with the success of this method when installed by Engineered Solutions. The one main disadvantage of this technique is that it is a bit messy and may require cleanup. However, when you work with Engineered Solutions, this is never an issue, as our team strives to leave your property looking as it did when we arrived, only with sturdier ground soils underneath.
If you are interested in the compaction grouting services that we offer to commercial customers in the Chattanooga, TN, area, contact Engineered Solutions today for more information.