The amount of money you spend on decking materials will change according to a number of factors, including the type and quality of material you select, the location of your home, and the kind of lumberyard you make your purchase from. The cost of decking is determined by the market in the same way that the price of gasoline is.
Wood that has been pressure treated is the cheapest material for decking. When purchasing 5/4 by 6 ACQ treated decking from a big box store, you should budget between $0.75 and $1.25 per linear foot for the material. You need to search through the bins to find the boards that are in the best condition.
If you go to a local lumberyard where contractors are more likely to buy from, you will typically find higher-grade materials at a slightly higher price, along with longer available lengths. If you go to a lumberyard where homeowners are more likely to buy from, you will find lower-grade materials. People who are working with a limited budget will find that pressure-treated wood, which is considered an economical material, is ideal for them. However, the material does not always hold up as well over time. Staining your deck on a regular basis will help protect it, but it is not unusual for pressure-treated wood to split, crack, warp, and turn grey after only a few years. This is especially true of older decks.
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Prices for 5/4x6 stock of cedar and redwood decking typically range from approximately $1.25 to $2.00 per linear foot. The availability of redwood is relatively abundant on the west coast of the United States, in contrast to the east coast. Materials of a higher grade and in longer lengths will carry a price premium.
Vinyl and composite decking can be purchased in a wide range of price points due to the availability of over one hundred different brands. Prices per linear foot for higher-end name brands typically range from three dollars to four dollars. Economy composite materials can be purchased at the big box stores for approximately half the price. Numerous composite decking systems use specialised screws or concealed fasteners, both of which can add significantly to the overall cost of the project.
Decking materials made from exotic hardwoods, like Ipe, are typically the most expensive option available. For Ipe measuring 3/4 by 6 inches, you should budget between $4.00 and $5.00. Ipe is a hardwood that can only be purchased at upscale lumber yards and is typically obtained through special orders. The installation of hidden side-mounted fastener clips on exotic hardwoods is typically necessary, which will drive up the overall cost.
Best Deck Material for Your House
When deciding which decking material is best for your home, there are a lot of different considerations to take into account, from cost to maintenance. In times past, one's only real option was to construct with wood; however, today, there are many other materials from which to choose. However, you should be aware that not all of them are created on an equal level.
Around seventy-five percent of all decks in the United States are constructed out of pressure-treated lumber, which is one of the least expensive decking materials currently available. It has been chemically treated so that it is resistant to rot, mould, and insect infestation. On the other hand, it is typically constructed out of lower-quality pine or fir, which has a propensity to crack and warp over time and requires constant upkeep as a result. In the past, chromated copper arsenate, which is now thought to be a carcinogen, was used to treat wood that had been subjected to pressure treatment. Preservatives used in today's pressure-treated wood are less hazardous and safer. There is a price range of $1.50 to $2.50 per square foot. Hitch Property Constructions has a wide range of decking services Melbourne services.
Pros: This is by far the most popular choice even in the present day, as it is utilised on almost 75 percent of all newly constructed decks. People are drawn to the wood because it has been chemically treated to resist rot, mould, and insects. It also has a low price point, which ranges from $1.50 to $2.50 per square foot, which does not hurt its popularity. It is not difficult to secure, and it can be found pretty much anywhere.
Cons: This kind of decking material can be difficult to maintain because it has a habit of cracking or warping over time. Maintenance is definitely an issue with this kind of decking material. In the past, a chemical known as chromated copper arsenate, which is now thought to be a carcinogen, was used to treat wood that had been subjected to pressure treatment. However, these days it is treated with chemicals that are less hazardous, so it is now considered to be relatively safe for use in the home.
Tropical hardwoods are the superior choice because they can last for up to a half century if properly maintained. Ipe is so dense that it does not take stains or clear finishes very well; instead, you should use a penetrating sealer that is oil-based and specifically formulated for tropical decking boards. This will ensure that the finish penetrates deeply into the wood. You should make sure that the tropical hardwood decking boards you buy come from suppliers who are committed to responsible logging before you buy them.
Ipe, cumaru, and tigerwood are just a few examples of the many different kinds of tropical hardwoods that are easily accessible. There are many more. Tropical hardwoods have a grainy texture, are hard and long-lasting, and are naturally resistant to problems such as rotting and insects, which makes them a choice that is the epitome of luxury. These characteristics combine to make tropical hardwoods an excellent option.
Much like redwood and cedar, they come with a fairly high price tag (around $8 to $12 per square foot), and because they are relatively dense, it can be difficult to drill holes into them. Additionally, they are similar in appearance to pine, which can make them difficult to work with. They also do not take stains or finishes very well, so if you are dead set on applying one, you should make sure that it has been specially formulated for tropical hardwood.
They are notoriously difficult to work with. They are not very receptive to stains or finishes being applied to them. Even if you choose not to stain the deck, you should still apply a clear UV-blocking wood preservative every three to four years. This will protect the wood from harmful rays of the sun. This is because, just like cedar and redwood, tropical hardwoods also weather to a silvery colour if they are not stained, and this is true even when the wood is new. Keep an eye out for those that come from sources that harvest in a responsible manner and have a good understanding of the origin of your tropical hardwood. It is also essential to have a good understanding of the origin of your tropical hardwood.
The traditional material of choice for natural wood decking is redwood, which, like cedar, possesses a large number of the same qualities. Decking that is made of redwood is not as readily available in the eastern parts of the United States as it is in the western parts of the country. It is easier to locate redwood decking in the western parts of the country. A premium price is demanded for redwood, particularly select and clear grades, which results in redwood having a higher price tag than cedar. Prices start at $6 and go up to $8 per square foot.
Redwood is another really nice natural option, and it's similar to cedar wood in a number of ways, including the characteristics listed above. These qualities consist of naturally occuring tannins, a finish that is not overly heavy but still sturdy, and a gorgeous colour. On the other hand, redwood isn't as easily accessible as other kinds of wood, particularly in the more eastern parts of the country. (The fact that this is one of the possible reasons why it is more expensive than cedar: approximately $6 to $8 per square foot)
Cons: It is important to keep in mind that both redwood and cedar need to be finished with a coat of stain or varnish every three to four years, in addition to requiring an annual power washing. This is in addition to the fact that both types of wood need to be washed with a power washer every year. While it's true that this maintenance schedule isn't particularly taxing, you still can't afford to let it slip your mind, because the consequences could be severe.
The use of composite decking materials, which are primarily made of wood fibres and recycled plastics, is currently one of the most popular and rapidly expanding decking options available. Pros: Composite decking materials are primarily made of recycled plastics and wood fibres. They won't become brittle or warp because they were manufactured in a lab, and unlike natural wood, they won't rot or attract insects either. In addition, they won't become brittle or warp over time. Despite the fact that they only require a small amount of upkeep, due to the fact that they are made this way, they are an option that has an exceptionally long lifespan.
The presence of moisture can encourage the growth of mould and mildew, and given that many composites contain wood fibres, it is possible that some of them will rot over time. On the other hand, they don't call for any kind of maintenance at all. They can be on the more expensive side depending on the company that you choose—around $7 to $10 per square foot—and in order to get the best value for your money, you need to make sure that you choose a reputable and high-quality company.
Pros: Bluestone is rich color in color, it's organic, and it integrates well with traditional architecture. It's also a great nonslip surface when wet, making it particularly well-suited for rainy regions or backyards with swimming pools.
Cons: It can get uncomfortably hot when the sun is beating down on it in; travertine is a cool-to-the touch stone alternative. Expect to spend about $4-$8 per square foot, according to ImproveNet.com.
Cedar is a good option for people who are interested in natural wood products. Cedar decking is an excellent material for building decks due to its wide availability, low weight, and high strength. Even though the wood contains tannins and oils that occur naturally, which make it resistant to rot and insects, it is still important to protect the wood with stain and sealer so that it does not develop cracks or splinters. Without any kind of protection, the colour of both cedar and redwood will eventually fade to a light grey. Price ranges from $3.75 to $5 per square foot of space.
The majority of purists have a soft spot in their heart for cedar and redwood decks, particularly because of the gorgeous, deep colour of these woods. Cedar wood has a beautiful natural hue and can be found in almost any location in the United States. Because it is both lightweight and strong, it is ideally suited for use in environments that experience extremes of temperature and humidity. Tannins and oils that occur naturally in the wood make it resistant to rot and insects, but you can also treat it with stain and sealer to prevent cracks or splinters from appearing in the surface of the wood. It is important to keep in mind that the colour of your cedar will fade to a light grey over time if you do not use any protectants on it.
The cost, which ranges from approximately $3.75 to $5 per square foot on average, is the primary disadvantage. Also, keep in mind that not all varieties of cedar are the same: Decking made from architect clear, custom clear, architect knotty, or custom knotty cedar is of the highest quality and should be used whenever possible (listed from clearest to most knotty). Therefore, the nicer you make it, the higher the price is going to be.
Turning your deck into a grassy lawn has a number of advantages, including being modern, natural, peaceful, and colourful. If you seed it, it can also be installed at a lower cost than other options (think: 8 to 30 cents per square foot!).
Bear in mind that grass, in order to thrive, requires exposure to sunlight. In addition, if you use it as a decking material around a saltwater swimming pool, the water's splashes may cause brown spots to appear on the surface of the material.
Aluminum decking that has been prefinished is resistant to rust, insects, and decay, and it is also impervious to the elements. "Boards" of decking are made of lightweight material that is simple to cut with specialised saw blades. The thick, slip-resistant coating that is available in a variety of colours and does not require any maintenance is applied to the finished side of the extruded aluminium planks. To properly attach the decking to the substructure of your deck, you will need to use specialised fasteners. Price ranges between $6 and $8 per square foot.
In spite of the fact that you have probably never seen one before, aluminium decks do in fact exist. They are resistant to rust, warping, splintering, rotting, cracking, and checking, and they are also resistant to mould and the elements. They are very convenient in a variety of ways. It is very simple to take care of them because you do not have to worry about insects, and they will not peel or blister under normal circumstances. You'll also be happy to learn that aluminium decking is three to four times lighter than wood, composite, and plastic lumber, while still being two to three times as strong. This will make your decision to purchase aluminium decking much easier.
Aluminum is the most expensive of all the options, coming in at an average of $11 per square foot, with some companies going even higher than that. The disadvantages include the fact that good things do not come cheap and that aluminium is the most expensive of all the options. It also does not have the gorgeous colour of hardwood, so you should make sure that the appearance is something you are willing to sacrifice for the sake of convenience.
Step-By-Step Guide to Building a Deck
A deck can be used to create a lovely space for entertaining guests or for providing a comfortable spot to kick back and unwind. It is a wonderful addition to any home and has the potential to raise the value of the property. You will be equipped with the knowledge necessary to construct a deck with the help of this detailed guide that walks you through each step. Check out our Melbourne decking services services here.
Step 1: Request permission from your local council
In Australia, if you want to construct or add anything substantial to your home, you are required to obtain authorisation from the relevant local council. Therefore, before you start making plans, you should go to the local council and request permission for the job.
Step 2: Begin the planning
Decks are available in a wide variety of designs, materials, and installation methods, so it is essential to carefully plan out your options before beginning any kind of home improvement project. Whether you are interested in a rooftop over garage deck, a wraparound deck, a multi-tier deck, an attached deck, or a deck that is detached from your garage. Because there is such a wide range of options available to you, it is important to have a conversation about your preferences. To assist you in putting together a spending plan for the project, it is recommended that you conduct research regarding prices.
Step 3: Decide on the materials
Decking can be constructed out of a wide variety of timbers, each of which offers its own set of advantages. It is recommended that you conduct research and consult with an expert who specialises in hardwood to determine what kind of material will work best for your deck.
The following woods are considered to be the most desirable for use in decking:
- Treated Pine (inexpensive)
- Blackbut (low maintenance)
- Jarrrah (termite resistant)
- Tallowwood (water resistant)
- Ironbark (long lasting)
- Stringybark (great compromise)
- Spotted Gum (fire-resistant)
- Merbau (affordable)
Step 4: Get all the right tools and supplies for the project
This project requires a wide variety of different kinds of tools and supplies in order to be finished. Before beginning the project, it is a good idea to get a head start on obtaining all of these, as this will make the project go much more smoothly.
The following tools and supplies will need to be acquired:
- Hand or powered saw
- Screw Driver
- Measuring Tape
- Builder’s Line
- Electric Drill and Drill Bits
- Adjustable Wrench
- Spirit Level
- Wooden and Metal Stakes
- Spray paint
- Nail Gun
Step 5: Measure and mark out your deck
Now that all of the preparation for the deck has been finished, it is time to begin the process of measuring and marking the area. To accomplish this, you will need to take measurements at each of the points, making careful notes about the distance between the joists and the height of the deck. It is possible to demarcate the boundaries of the deck by using the sills. Following the installation of the sills into the ground, you will need to use string cord to secure the height around the outside of the area.
Step 6: Install the stumps and bearers
Spray paint should be used to create an outline of the digging holes where the sills once sat before proceeding with the installation of the stumps and bearers. Once the outlines of the holes have been created with the spray paint, you can move on to digging the holes while keeping in mind the predetermined depth of each hole. Before beginning to fill in the holes, it is strongly recommended that you seek the advice of an inspector and ask them to examine the holes first. The installation of the stumps and the bearers is the next step that needs to be completed.
Step 7: Install the joists
In order to properly instal the joists, you will first need to measure and markout the wall plate. First, you'll need to attach the wall plate, and once that's done, you can move on to attaching the joist. It is recommended that you measure the first joist with the second joist just to make sure that your measurements are accurate. This is done as a precautionary measure.
Step 8: Lay the decking
Putting down the decking is going to be the most enjoyable part of the project. Before you begin laying, you will want to reduce the size of your timber to the appropriate dimensions. As soon as you are finished, you need to lay a timber slab down one at a time, and then you need to secure it by drilling it into place. If you keep doing what you've been doing, you'll soon have a full deck!
Step 9: Enjoy your new deck!
Most importantly, after all of your hard work, it is finally time to kick back, relax, and take pleasure in your deck.
FAQs About Building decks
Composite and PVC decking are popular because they're virtually maintenance free. Both types are extremely weather-resistant, easy to clean, and neither will ever splinter, warp, cup, or rot. And they don't require sanding or staining.
Aluminum and Steel
Aluminum decking is the most expensive out of the deck material and will last the longest with a lifespan of 30+ years. Steel decking can have a lifespan of 60+ years when correctly installed by a professional builder.
There is no doubt that composite decking material is more expensive than wood. However, it is valued for its striking resemblance to natural wood and efficiency making it an excellent choice for decking. It is easier to clean and maintain which makes it last long enough to transfer the same value to the next homeowner.
If you're on a budget and the price tag of a composite deck is just too much, then a wooden deck is a great alternative. The lowest cost per square foot for a pressure treated pine deck sells for about half the price of composite, $25 versus $30 installation, respectively.
Traditional wood deck: Typically 10 to 15 years. Capped composite: Industry experts agree these boards can last 25 to 30+ years. Capped polymer (the best of the best): Because of its superior material composition, capped polymer boards can last much longer, potentially 50 years or more.