Australia is blessed with beautiful weather, so most of our time is spent basking in it. A tiled balcony is a great area to eat, read, relax with a beverage (such beer or wine), and enjoy the sunshine. Unfortunately, leaking tiles are a regular issue on balconies. Your initial thought is most likely to be "Oh no! That means we'll have to remove the tiles and start over if we want to correct it." This is not always the case, though. The tiles do not need to be removed in order to waterproof a balcony if you do it yourself. After reading this article, though, you may decide that it's best to let the professionals handle it.
It appears that many homeowners and business proprietors of smaller establishments are under the false impression that a tiled surface is impervious to water. Because of this, they don't put out sufficient effort or resources to treat the area beneath the tile properly.
Leaks caused by this issue often go unnoticed for years, resulting in decay that requires costly repairs to the building. As well as doing replacement work on the structure, removal of the tile application is required to get access to the structure.
It's likely that water entered through broken grout joints or entered around the perimeter. If the deck is in a cold area, the tiles could become loose due to the expansion and freezing of moisture on the deck. However, this does not imply that the waterproofing system has been damaged if there is an issue with the tile installation. A cracked (or erupted) tile or grout joint can be easily and affordably replaced if the membrane is still in place and doing its job of keeping the water out. Replacement may not be as easy or inexpensive if the membrane is damaged or not functioning properly.
Some of the most prevalent reasons for tile failure are explored in this article, along with strategies for building a deck in a way that makes it appropriate for a floor finish and essential installation details needed for long-term durability and adequate waterproofing.
Check out Hitch Property Constructions for a wide range of balcony repairs.
Symptoms of a leaky balcony
If the waterproofing of the balcony tiles was not done properly, then repairs for a leaking balcony will likely be necessary, whether the homeowner does the work themselves or hires a contractor. It's also possible that, as is often the case with older buildings, this issue is the result of natural deterioration. Have you seen any of the following symptoms that may point to a water leak in the tiled section of your outdoor or rooftop space?
- Missing or shattered grout
- damage such as flaking, peeling, or peeling paint
- stains or discolorations on the grout and tiles.
- stray tiles
- A tile makes a hollow sound when you step on it.
- the growth of mould or mildew on posts or railings that are either deteriorated or loose in the building.
- Water 'ponding' in some places
Causes for tile failures
Failure of tiles can be caused by a number of issues, such as poor deck design, adhesives, or lack of maintenance.
Building the deck
The installation of scuppers and drains on the slope increases its difficulty. The simplest and most effective method of water management is to have it run down the deck's edge, and this can be accomplished by strategic framing and design.
Assuming the joist spacing and size are suitable for a tile assembly, the selection of materials and the manner of fastening them together play a vital role in preventing grout lines from cracking and tiles from coming loose. Deflection in the assembly must be drastically reduced, hence it must be built to be exceedingly rigid and flat. The entire thickness must be at least 31.75 millimetres (1 14 inches).
One option is to use plywood with a thickness of 19 millimetres (3/4 inch), a cement backer unit (CBU) of 13 millimetres (1/2 inch), and thin-set bonding adhesive and the proper fasteners to connect everything together. The joints in the overlay should be set one-quarter of the way to the next joist, rather than across the top of the joists. To avoid securing it to the joists, the fasteners should be only as long as necessary to attach it to the plywood below.
The requirement of flatness cannot be overstated. If the ground is uneven, ponded water won't be easy to fix by floating it afterwards with filler. The surface's flatness must be ensured before the waterproof membrane is applied.
Where to start with waterproofing balcony
If you are suffering any of these symptoms, it is critical that you get help right once. If you ignore a dripping pipe, the situation will only get worse, making a repair more difficult and costly. The leaking balcony tile should be addressed first. There's no point in wasting time cleaning the stains or re-grouting the tiles before the leak's origin can be found.
We employ a specialised instrument to track down the water's original point of entry. We may provide remedial waterproofing services after locating the issue area with our moisture detection scanning technology and performing any necessary non-destructive repairs. This can be done with no tile removal, which is surely a comfort.
We don't simply stop there, which is another nice thing to know, so you can rest assured. In addition to fixing the balcony's leaks, you'll also be restoring its like-new appearance. All the old grout will be removed, including the grout that is cracked, worn, and brittle, and the entire surface will be painstakingly cleaned before a fresh coat of EPG epoxy grout is applied to the balcony floor tiles. All of the interior joints are sealed with a high-quality polyurethane that offers optimum sealing to ensure that water is kept out of the structure permanently.
In the end, we apply two coats of a transparent waterproofing membrane and a clear penetrating sealant to the surface. After ten years, we will return at no extra charge to re-treat the surface, making your tiles and grout stain-resistant for as long as we have treated it.
Why is my Tiled Balcony Leaking and How Can I fix it?
When there is an issue, it is usually the result of a combination of factors rather than a single omission.
In your opinion, the peel-and-stick moisture barrier installation was done well. If it were properly installed, it wouldn't be leaking. A breach in the waterproof membrane that allowed water in would have required a fault with the structure even if it had been properly built. Or perhaps the membrane was broken sometime after installation but before the tile was put on top of it.
Any time the membrane fails to prevent water from escaping, it can be due to a number of problems. This sums up the situation well.
If the grout joint splits, the underlying membrane will still remain watertight. Water can still travel through cementitious grout despite the presence of cracks that appear to be the result of shrinkage but are, in fact, the result of stress due to the absence of adequate movement joints.
Tiles are not rendered watertight by their application of sealers. It doesn't matter how well the tile was sealed, a leak would still have been possible.
The installation should contain movement joints to alleviate stress brought on by the tile's expansion when wet or heated and contraction when cooled and dry. Movement joints are grout joints that are sealed with ASTM C920 and feature a polythene closed-cell backer rod (100 percent silicone or urethane). Movement joints must be installed every 8 to 12 feet in all directions, as well as along the installation's perimeter and at any transition.
You must have drains built on that balcony immediately. Water should be directed away from the building using a drain that is either constructed into the balcony itself or into the side of the balcony that has a drip edge flashing. The peel and stick membrane beneath the tiles must be sloped to a drain weep system at a rate of 1/4" per foot, just as the tile itself must be sloped to the appropriate drains. This will prevent water from pooling on the tiles and instead channel it down the drains. If the surface you're waterproofing doesn't have proper drainage, you risk generating a pool of water that can't be drained.
It can only be fixed properly by first removing the tile assembly, then locating the fault, and finally fixing it. There's literally no other way to accomplish this. If that's the case, you're dealing with the symptom rather than the root of the problem.
It's possible, but not guaranteed, that the following repair methods will not address the problem and also don't adhere to industry standards:
First, the tile can be taken out of the three-inch thick fibre reinforced concrete. Tiles can be carefully removed to allow the concrete subfloor to be reused if the structure is not damaged in the process. It's possible that there will be divots that need repairing when the removal operation is complete. After the concrete has been properly prepared, a waterproof membrane that meets the standards of ANSI A118.10 should be poured over it and up the walls. Next, instal your tile over that.
2. Remove all of the grout from the tile installation, then fill the gaps with backer rod and a sealant that fulfils the specifications of ASTM C920. Check sure the perimeter joint is finished as well. Mud won't get tracked in when people walk on the joint because of its concave form. Depending on the tile's porosity, water may still be able to seep through your Terra Cotta surface. Joints that have been sealed with this type of sealant should be watertight, movement joints should be included in all joints to reduce the effects of movement stresses, and the bonding strength between tiles should be improved. The fact that it results in fully mobile joints is the source of all of its advantages.
Looking for balcony repairs Melbourne? Look no further. Hitch Property Constructions has you covered.
Waterproofing Concrete Decks and Balconies
The waterproofing process requires a firm, clean, dry, soundless, and smooth surface on every area that will be coated. The brick surfaces must be cleaned thoroughly, including the removal of grease, oil, and wax as well as curing agents, loose material, paint, and any other impurities. Fresh concrete must wait at least 28 days before it may be utilised.
If you want a seamless transition from the vertical to the horizontal surfaces, you'll need to bevel the outside corners of the area you're waterproofing.
What's Best for Waterproofing your Balcony
Designing your balcony or outdoor living space such that it is both functional and aesthetically pleasing is an important part of interior decoration. An "outdoor living space" is any part of a house that is exposed to the outdoors and serves as a gathering or resting place for the family or guests. The terms "balcony," "patio," and "deck" all fit this category. You can choose from a wide choice of floor coverings when designing the perfect balcony flooring.
You should look at several different flooring options, such as concrete pavers, tile, and wooden decks, because each has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Let's compare the effectiveness of three of the most popular choices for protecting balconies from the elements to help you decide which one to use.
Concrete flooring on balconies isn't as visually appealing as some of the more decorative tiling options. In that situation, we'd argue that you haven't looked into the possibility thoroughly enough. Instead of the standard grey, concrete flooring may now be found in a rainbow of colours and designs. One of the main reasons why concrete remains one of the most popular choices among condo owners is due of its longevity. They require nothing in the way of upkeep and are sturdy and long-lasting. There are a few problems and a few advantages to using concrete for balcony flooring. Water can leak through improperly sealed concrete, making the surface slick and hazardous in the winter. Concrete balconies can be waterproofed with care using materials like Westcoat's SC-10 Acrylic Topcoat and the expertise of qualified technicians.
Ceramic and porcelain tiles are also great for usage outdoors. There is a broad variety of styles and colours to choose from, elevating your balcony's decor to the next level of chic. Incorporating a robust protective top layer gives these tiles resistance to water and also helps them last for a very long time. Tiling also has a number of other advantages.
Easy care and stain resistance make them a convenient option. A membrane that is both watertight and weatherproof can be installed to guarantee a successful weatherproofing. Other issues may arise as a result of insufficiently waterproofing the tiled balcony. Because of the water damage and peeling paint, the necessary repairs will be rather costly. That's why it's so crucial to finish waterproofing before installing tiles.
Hitch Property Constructions has a wide range of the Melbourne balcony repairs right here.
Interlocking Deck Tiles
They take little effort to set up and remove when necessary. Deck tiles come in a variety of textures and materials, some of which are created from recycled plastic and others from natural wood fibres. In terms of design and material, deck tiles are highly customizable. Deck tiles, despite their trendy appearance, are not a long-term flooring option due to the fact that they are not physically bonded to the surface that they are placed over. By placing a layer of rubber, vinyl, or aluminium under the decking material, water can't penetrate through and damage the tiles.
Prioritize safety first when making flooring decisions, and then consider weatherproofing. Depending on the specifics, tile and concrete may be the optimal material. Interlocking deck tiles are a long-term, practical choice for anyone who care a lot about how their outside space looks. In order to protect your balcony from the elements and water damage, you may take several measures, such as applying a penetrating sealer and laying a waterproofing membrane along the perimeter of a tiled area. Both of these choices are among numerous others that may be made. No matter what route you take, it's important to consult a local flooring expert to ensure you make the right decision.
A common problem with balconies is leaking tiles. If you want to waterproof your balcony without removing the tiles, you can do it yourself. If the membrane is still intact and doing its job, a tile or grout junction that has cracked (or erupted) can be changed with little effort. Poor deck design or a lack of maintenance are only two of the many potential causes of a leaking roof or balcony. We recommend directing water to drain away from the deck's edge.
The tile on the balcony should be fixed first because it is leaking. The tiles and grout should not be cleaned or re-grouted until the source of the leak has been determined. We will come back after 10 years and re-treat the surface at no additional cost. Because tiles expand and contract as they age, it's important to include movement joints in the installation to reduce the strain on the tiles. For movement, use an ASTM C920 grout joint sealant and a polythene closed-cell backer rod.
Underneath the tiles, the peel and stick membrane needs to be slanted towards a drain weep system. As a prerequisite to waterproofing, all surfaces must be firm, clean, dry, soundless, and smooth. At least 28 days must pass before fresh concrete can be put to any kind of use. Beveling the outside corners of the region creates a smooth transition between the vertical and horizontal surfaces. Concrete pavers, tiles, and wooden decks are just a few of the many flooring alternatives to consider.
Neither one is without its drawbacks. We'll help you choose between three top options by contrasting their relative merits. There is a wide range of deck tile styles and materials available, from plastic recycled from soda bottles to wood fibres. Since deck tiles aren't permanently adhered to the subfloor, they shouldn't be used as a walking surface.
- Unfortunately, leaking tiles are a regular issue on balconies.
- The tiles do not need to be removed in order to waterproof a balcony if you do it yourself.
- If the deck is in a cold area, the tiles could become loose due to the expansion and freezing of moisture on the deck.
- Some of the most prevalent reasons for tile failure are explored in this article, along with strategies for building a deck in a way that makes it appropriate for a floor finish and essential installation details needed for long-term durability and adequate waterproofing.
- Symptoms of a leaky balcony
- If the waterproofing of the balcony tiles was not done properly, then repairs for a leaking balcony will likely be necessary, whether the homeowner does the work themselves or hires a contractor.
- Failure of tiles can be caused by a number of issues, such as poor deck design, adhesives, or lack of maintenance.
- The leaking balcony tile should be addressed first.
- In your opinion, the peel-and-stick moisture barrier installation was done well.
- If the grout joint splits, the underlying membrane will still remain watertight.
- It's possible, but not guaranteed, that the following repair methods will not address the problem and also don't adhere to industry standards:
- First, the tile can be taken out of the three-inch thick fibre reinforced concrete.
- You should look at several different flooring options, such as concrete pavers, tile, and wooden decks, because each has its own set of advantages and disadvantages.
- Let's compare the effectiveness of three of the most popular choices for protecting balconies from the elements to help you decide which one to use.
- Concrete flooring on balconies isn't as visually appealing as some of the more decorative tiling options.
- There are a few problems and a few advantages to using concrete for balcony flooring.
- In terms of design and material, deck tiles are highly customizable.
FAQs About Balcony Repair
The weather and the elements, such as the sun, rain, wind, and frost, can be harsh on tiles that are used outdoors. As a result, it is essential to ascertain whether or not the type of tile you have installed outside is the kind of tile that needs to be sealed. In general, sealing is necessary for all porous tiles, but it is especially important for outdoor stone tiles.
Even though they are designed to withstand exposure to a variety of potential damages, such as the weather or general wear and tear, sealing outdoor tiles is necessary to ensure the long-term care and enjoyment of your outside area. This is the case even though they are made to withstand exposure to a variety of potential damages.
In order to prevent the grout from efflorescing, which is when it loses its moisture and turns into a chalky white residue, cement-based grout that is used in outdoor applications needs to be rated as "no efflorescence." Additionally, cement-based grouts need to be sealed on a regular basis to ensure that they are resistant to stains and the elements.
Protecting numerous building structures requires the utilisation of a liquid membrane that is waterproofing. These flexible membranes are hand or spray applied onto surfaces such as balconies, podium decks and green roofs. Even municipal water tanks are sometimes lined with them to prevent leaks from occuring.
There are four primary varieties of waterproofing membranes that are used in modern construction, and these include foam wallboards, liquid membranes, sheet membranes, and foam shower bases.