Whether you are designing your new home or want to remodel the home in which you currently live, the facade is one of the key elements of architectural design. It is the letter of introduction of your home to the outside world. There are also several practical points to consider so that you can get the most out of it.
The first step is to define the style of your facade to match the look of your home, whether modern, minimalist or colonial. There are also certain aspects that we will review in this article as security, functionality and lighting that are important to consider for the design of your facade.
When you’re designing a façade, it is fundamental to determine how all the elements will work. Not only the materials are crucial, but where they are located and how they will be used or how they would look like.
The part of the façade is considered quite important since it is the main part of the building, which adds charm and a final touch of style and glamour to the whole structure. For this you should consider:
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What is the Building Façade?
A façade refers to one side, usually the front, of a building. It is an integral piece to the overall design of a building. It provides the opportunity to create a personality and character to a building. Facades can come in many shapes and sizes, and it is a chance for the architect to showcase their talent by bringing a building to life.
Although a façade is often associated with older buildings and prestigious buildings, any building can create a recognisable façade. Many listed buildings and buildings in conservation areas may have restrictions on altering their facades. This demonstrates their importance to not just the building, but the local communities and environments.
A curtain wall is a type of façade that has no structural impact. It is a separate structure attached to the building. This is particularly common in modern architecture where the architect utilises a design but doesn’t bring it into the structural support of a building.
Why is Building Façade Important?
A building façade is important because it is a chance to put the emphasis on design. Too many buildings settle for standard designs that meet structural regulations but lack any character. This has a detrimental effect on the places we live in with buildings all lacking something special.
As well as being aesthetically pleasing, a building façade also plays an important role in energy efficiency as well as linking the exterior building design to the interior design. With innovations in materials, ideas and design, a building façade can unlock a multitude of opportunities for buildings.
As we continuously demand more from the buildings we live and work in – weather that’s how energy-efficient they are, or how well they sit in a certain location, building facades are a key part in this.
A building façade or curtain wall will have a big impact on the flow of air and light on a building as well as how it copes with environmental conditions. For example, this could help prevent a wind tunnel from forming or a building being vulnerable to swaying in strong wind.
Façade architecture and curtain walls can help achieve lots of different things for an architect. Here at NORclad, we have been showcasing all that’s possible with timber for building facades.
Timber cladding is a material perfect for this due to its environmental credentials, cost, installation properties and its ease of use. Timber cladding has allowed us to create facades that provide value to a building, as well as create stunning aesthetics.
We’ve found our ability to use timber to blend a building naturally into its location has been something that takes a building to the next level.
A timber façade allows an architect to create extreme detail that isn’t possible with other materials. This creates very clean and tidy finishes to a building, that helps create a very professional and impressive overall finish. Timber cladding can be used to create patterns or illusions on a wall or used alongside rugged and rustic materials to create a beautiful contrasting appearance.
The type of timber cladding used can also play a big part in shaping the character of a building. Different species and different treatment will impact the colour and appearance of the wood. This provides opportunities to create contrasts and clever designs that utilise the natural characteristics of the timber cladding.
There aren’t any rules or processes you need to follow when designing and building a façade. It is entirely up to you and a real chance to showcase a personality to the building. Facades and curtain walls are features that both homes and commercial buildings can adopt. As more and more people are rebelling against boring design and standard building structures, building facades are likely to become an integral part of the design.
Tips That Should Be Enlisted When Going For Facade Designed Buildings
The facade part or the exterior part of your building is considered quite important as this is the prime ethical part that adds that touch of charm or spark to your building in every good manner. So when going for this part, there are a few things that should be present in the mind o every individual. Some of these are as follows.
- To go for facade designing creativity is what matters the most. The more creative you are, the better will be your designs.
- Prioritise quality instead of quantity. In simpler phrases, the quality of your design is something that can glam out the entire building, but this cannot be done by overdoing in the quantity side.
- Understanding the pattern of light. Well, when going for a specific facade designed building, one can embark the lighting effect that it brings to the interior part of the house. So when going for facade design, the lighting technique can uplift both the exterior and the interior part of the building or institution.
- Proper research is also required when going for a basic facade style. The trick is to grab the facade style that inspires you the most and then understand more about it by going through the style in extreme detail.
- The common style that has outshone today’s facade designs in transparent designs. But having a plethora of transparent style is not that good at tends to spoil the right style of both the exterior and the interior side of the building.
- When going for a design that suits your building the best, there are certain criteria that you can focus on like the location, physical conditions, history of that particular place and many more.
- Use of variant technologies. There are many institutions that have come up with an idea of using facade style of building in an eco-friendly manner. Therefore, there are buildings that have put on a specific design to store solar energy, and some even use it for rainwater harvesting.
- Selecting the appropriate glass. So if you want your facade style classy and eco friendly at the same time, then there are various types of glasses which are available in abundance at the market. So choosing the ideal glass for your facade style is a very important tip.
- Go for the best but within the budget. It is not true that no those designs that cost much will look good but even simple and elegant designs can be achieved within the speculated budget that will add the same charm.
At last, managing your time. Going for a facade design is not a piece of cake, and hence specific time should be allotted for each and every process. As a result of which one can receive vibrant results on time.
Having a facade design that is put up with great effort and detailed planning will come up with great results.
Modern Façade Materials
Some of the best timber cladding materials to use to create a modern façade include Canadian Western Red Cedar, European Redwood and Siberian Larch.
Canadian Western Red Cedar
Canadian Western Red Cedar is a timber species that delivers amazing results and is unrivalled in many of its properties. Regarded highly for its durability, resistance to decay and weight, it also possesses a stunning appearance with real character and personality, ideal for creating a modern façade.
With an average density of 520 kg/m3, European Redwood is a strong and moderately hard timber species. Although not as naturally durable as other species, it can be treated to offer a 30-year warranty against rot and fungal decay. It can also be treated to ensure its colour is consistently enriched over time.
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Siberian Larch is a moderately durable softwood. Its colour can range from a light dark brown heartwood to white sapwood but will colour down to a silver-grey if not appropriately protected as soon as the façade installation is complete.
Tips to follow if you’re trying to Design a Creative Facade on Your Project
Get Creative and Upbeat
The most important thing is to select the façade’s design and to be very creative. The more creative you get, the better the design will be.
Their quality must be more important than the quantity itself. The quantity does not necessarily enhance the quality of the design.
Check the Lights
When using the façade design, it is important to understand the light pattern. We can focus on the lighting effect that it brings to the interiors of the house or building. This technique can elevate both the inside and the outside.
Besides, it is important to consider the sun, and study its pattern, where are the pros and cons of the sunlight or its shadows, in order to make a nice design.
Pick a Nice Style
When looking for a basic façade style, adequate research is required. You must select the façade style that inspires you the most, and very meticulously follow its style to understand more about it.
The transparent and translucent designs are one of the most common styles dominating the current designs of the façades.
However, having an excess of transparency is not recommended because it could damage the interiors and exteriors of the building due to the sunlight’s reflection. Besides, if this trend is applied in hot weather, it will create a greenhouse effect on the inside.
Study around Some Options
When looking for the design that best suits your construction, it’s important to study the place and consider certain criteria such as its physical conditions, its location, the history of that specific place, among others.
Many institutions have implemented the idea of respecting the environment and have used alternative technologies in the façade of their constructions.
There are buildings that use technology to collect rainwater as well as to store solar energy.
It is very important to select the appropriate glass. There is a great diversity of glasses available in the market that will allow the style of the façade to be respectful to the environment and elegant at the same time, which is why the ideal glass for the building must be selected.
You should always select the best but do not go over the budget. Indeed, expensive designs usually look good. However, you can achieve simple and elegant designs within the agreed budget while adding the same charm.
Designing façades is a process in constant evolution, and many things that affect its performance must be considered. Having good and detailed planning will assure good results. We hope that the tips mentioned here are helpful to you.
How to design a facade?
Designing a facade can be a complex process that is best carried out with a professional such as an architect or an interior designer because of the number of choices of colour, materials, lines and geometric shapes involved.
Choose a style for your facade.
The first step is to choose a style for your façade, preferably matching what you already have or have in mind for your future home. If your style sways to the modern, you can start by looking at homify ideas of facades that appeal to you either because of its combination of finishes or its general aesthetic.
Once you have chosen if you want a contemporary, rustic, colonial or some other combination, then you can choose materials. There are many combinations that involve brick, concrete, wood or metal, among others. Each one allows you different results insight and also for other aspects such as security and quantity of privacy that you will achieve with your facade.
What aspects should I take care of?
When you determine how you want your facade, you should ask the following questions. How much security do I want? If you live in a gated community, for example, you are more likely to need less security than at street level, your security needs should define the height of the main fence, or if your facade is open or closed.
In a related way is the question of the privacy that you want to achieve with your facade. If you have many neighbours and live in a populated street, you may want to decrease the number of windows open to the outside. In contrast, if you live in a zone with less density, maybe you can have larger windows to achieve better lighting in the interior.
Functionality and lighting
Functionality is another element to take into account. Your facade can be only the front door or also have a part that is a covered garage to shelter your cars.
Finally, lighting is also a fundamental point. You must think about your façade at night and day, and both from the aesthetic point of view—that is, which parts you want to accentuate with lights such as a fountain or special garden feature- and from the practical point of view as in you have to walk out your front door to make sure there are enough lights.
The colour palette for your exterior will depend to a large extent on the style you have preferred in your home and depends as much on the paint you choose as on the materials and their finishes. There are dark, and light bricks and concrete can be grey or tinted with some colour, just like wood, so playing with coatings, you can get different visual effects.
Neutral colour base
Choosing a neutral colour as a base, such as white or grey combined with some accent colour like red, for example, can be a good way to give the facade a greater personality. This works especially well if your house is contemporary in design.
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Bright colours for facades
If you have an Indian colonial house, you can take advantage of the beautiful combinations that exist in that architecture. There are very beautiful combinations that can look great based on a strong colour like orange or blue with details on edges or blank bows.
The facade is a delicate element and involves many different aspects of design, so it is best to consult an architect to support you in the design process. You can consult and save here in homify images of those facades that you have liked before consulting one or several professionals of the field to land the proposal with them.