What materials do carpenters use?

Carpentry is a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the cutting, shaping and installation of building materials during the construction of buildings, ships, timber bridges, concrete formwork etc. Carpenters traditionally worked with natural wood and did the rougher work such as framing, but today many other materials are also used. Carpenters traditionally worked with natural wood which had been prepared by splitting(riving), hewing or sawing with a pit saw or sawmill called lumber (American English) or timber (British English). Today natural and engineered lumber and other building materials are prepared by others and delivered to the job site.

There is a famous saying, “Perfect carpentry is like an illusion”. So please allow us to turn your illusion into perfection by bringing to you the most required details you are looking for in the carpentry field. If you are planning to start a new carpentry venture, we are here to guide you. For any carpentry or a joinery venture, you are bound to require several types of tools for your workspace. The type of tools required by you will certainly depend on what kind of projects you are planning to work on and the size of the area that you are expected to work upon.

Also, if not professionally, many of us on lazy weekends choose to do something innovative at our own homes, one of them is woodworking in order to release the stress after a tiring week. Not everyone likes to go outdoors for parties, but some of us do not shy away to put on some old clothes, look for a nailer, grab some new materials recently bought at the tool store and then start to work on our new carpentry projects. Many of us take pride and honour in being an amateur woodworker, being the person that builds the furniture and wooden utensils for homes. If carpentry is on your mind or you are one of the future carpenters, you better start thinking about what kind of tools you are going to work with.

Hitch Property Constructions offers carpentry services Melbourne for residential and commercial projects.

What are Carpentry tools?

Carpentry is a skilful profession. In this profession, Carpentry tools are required to cut, bring in shape or even install certain basic building materials. This is used while constructing our homes, offices, school buildings, timber bridges or maybe ships etc. For performing the aforesaid operations on building materials, certain types of tools are required known as Carpentry Tools.


Here are some names of tools with image and their use in carpentry

Tool Belt

A Toolbelt is a must for any professional as well as non-professional seeking to perform carpentry operations. A tool belt is a well-arranged kit containing all your necessary tools, which allows you to work efficiently and makes it much easier for you to walk or climb ladders for your work more safely.

Depending upon your requirements and kind of job, you can choose from various kinds of tool belts which come in various shapes and sizes for various body parts like waist, hip, pouch, apron etc. You can also choose from varying materials like leather, canvas, cotton, nylon, polyester or fabric.

Hand drills

Hand drills are an important tool that you will require in your workspace and are a must to make and boring holes in your woodcrafts. In case of lack of power, hand drills are really useful, especially for outdoor projects. It is very handy to have a variety of drill bits on the stock. Drills also come in varying shapes and types. It can be broadly divided into three types- Traditional drills, Impact driver, Hammer drills.

Measuring tape

The measuring tape is one of the most useful tools in woodworking and is widely available in many commercial hardware facilities. Normally a carpenter measures twice before cutting the wood. Every woodworker has a retractable, lockable measuring tape in their arsenal of tools. The idea is to get one that uses marking systems, standard and metrics.


A coated abrasive consisting of sheets of abrasive cloth or the abrasive paper is known as Sandpaper or Glasspaper. These layers or sheets are glued together at one face. Although, the name is deceptive in a sense neither it consists of glass nor sand, but they are abrasive materials made of aluminium oxide or silicon carbide products. Sandpaper is found in a variety of grit sizes. The main purpose of the Sandpaper is to remove excess material from the surface. It is also used for smoothening of surfaces, especially used before painting or wood finishing. It is also used to make the surface rough at times while preparing it for gluing purposes.

The grit size should be chosen in such a way, keeping in mind the particle size. The usual case is that for better performance grit size is inversely proportional to the size of the particle.


A Carpenter’sCarpenter’s major job is also to lay structures that are generally in shapes having accurate right angles. It is not plausible for a carpenter to build a prototype every time he works with such shapes. Hence Steel square or simply square makes the life of a carpenter much easier. Steel square generally refers to a specific long-armed square that is used for measuring various kinds of angles apart from right angles using the rafter table printed on it. It is also known as framing square or carpenter’scarpenter’s square. It consists of two arms one of them is a long and wider arm known as a blade, and the other one is a shorter and narrower arm known as a tongue, which forms a right angle (90 degrees).

Apart from steel, Squares also come in Aluminium and Polymers variants. This is to prevent them from rusting and is also lighter than steel. There are four major kinds of the square, namely the framing square, the speed square, the try square and the combination square. Many carpenters mostly use the speed square and framing one.


How will you ever know whether a surface is horizontal (level) or vertical (plumb)? Well, many artisans including carpenters, bricklayers, surveyors, millwrights or other building trade workers require a specialised instrument called spirit Level or simply a Level to check the surface of building material they are working on. Level forms another essential tool majorly for carpenters and allows them to get horizontally or vertically perfect cuts.


A specialised tool in the form of a handle (called helve) which is fixed with ahead at the top is known as a Hammer. It is generally used for a variety of operations like blowing an object to break it, driving a nail or a spike into another or to forge out the intended shape out of the building material. Depending upon the utility Hammers come in varying shapes and sizes such as claw hammer, ball pain, cross and straight pein, cross pein pin hammer, club hammer, sledgehammer, joiner’sjoiner’s mallet, soft-faced hammer, special hammers or even power hammers.

The Sliding Bevel

The performance of a carpenter is measured in terms of its precision. Setting angles precisely would have been a tough job without a sliding T bevel, which is also called a bevel gauge or false square. It can be adjusted for precisely setting and transferring of angles. The handle is connected to a metallic blade. It is generally made up of wood or plastic. In order to set an angle, the blade pivot is to be first locked. Locking of the blade pivot is made possible by either loosening or tightening the thumbscrew. The operation of a sliding bevel is complemented with other measuring tools such as protractor or framing square.

Nail puller

A Nail puller is a standard tool in carpentry. It is also referred to as a cat’s paw or cat’s claw. It generally consists of a bar which is hexagonal or can be round, consisting of a pointed or a cup-shaped tip. This bar is curved at the end. This tool has its main utility in holding on or gripping the nail heads. Demolition work forms most of its utility because it is used for tearing the wood surrounding the nailhead.

Nail Set

An icepick shaped metal piece which is used to drive finished nails is called a Nail Set. A Nail Set finds its relevance and a lot of importance in the field of carpentry because of various benefits such as a nail set while driving finished nails at or below the building material will not cause damage to the finished surface. A nail set is so compact that it can fit the narrower spots as well. It can be complemented with the use of a hammer as well. Thus a nail set will work wonders without harming the arms, hands or wrists. Also, the best part is it is very easily accessible and economical to purchase.

We have an extensive range of carpentry services at Hitch Property Constructions to meet your constructions and carpentry needs in Melbourne.

Hand Saw

Ever wondered which is the basic tool with which you are able to cut huge blocks of wood or logs? It is known as Handsaw, which comes in varying shapes and sizes. They are also known as Panel Saws used for cutting or carving wooden blocks into varying shapes and sizes. It consists of two edges where one edge is flat, and the other is a sharp edge used for cutting wooden pieces. Handsaws also have the potential for pruning wood or even cutting metal. Various kinds of Hand Saw are available namely keyhole saw, crosscut saw, rip cut saw, backsaw, flooring saw etc.

Chisels and Screwdrivers

A tool with a shaped cutting edge on the blade at its end is known as a chisel. This tool finds its utility in cutting hard materials such as a metal piece, stone or wooden blocks by hand. The tool can use mechanical power or can be struck with a mallet. In order to use a chisel, forcefully insert the blade into the desired material to cut it. The force applied can be via hammer or hand.

A simple tool used for inserting or removing screws is known as a screwdriver. It can either be manual or the power-operated one. A screwdriver does the basic function of screwing or unscrewing of screws. It consists of a handle and a shaft. At the end of the shaft, one can insert the screw head and then turn the handle in order to screw or unscrew. Composition of the shaft is of steel. Composition of the handle is either of wood, plastic or can even be of metal.


While working on building material, holding of material usually wood tightly and with great precision is a challenge without the use of Workbench. It consists of a tightly fitted table used for holding workpieces with precision. In order to hold the workpieces tightly, a workbench must be rigid as well as heavy. A worker can adjust the width or height at which the workpiece is to be held at the Workbench. Depending upon the operation to be performed, a worker can choose from varying kinds of benches specifically designed for different workpieces of various shapes and sizes.

Basic Tools for a Carpenter

The hiring manager expects you to bring the right tools to work with lumber and plastics, concrete and metals most commonly found at construction sites. The Bureau of Labor Statistics encourages anyone in the construction trades to carry their own set of basic carpentry tools, especially carpenters if they want to improve their chances of getting hired.

The woodworking tools you bring to the job site make you more appealing as a potential new hire than any piece of paper hanging on your wall. Your resume does not matter to the foreman unless he watches you swing a hammer to frame a house. Carpenter’s pants aren’t just a fashion statement, so fill them with the right items from a basic hand tools list.


Honour the old saying, “Measure twice, cut once,” and always carry a measuring tape in your pockets. You can also attach a standard ruler to the inside lid of your toolbox if you kick it old school. Or, instead of hauling all that weight around, you can use an app on your smart device to replace up to 14 measuring tools.

A software company called Skypaw created a space-saving and weight-reducing application that allows you to use your smart device as a protractor for measuring and constructing angles. The app also turns your smart device into a standard ruler. You can use it to replace a torpedo or bubble spirit level and a standard 6-foot level. The software can also serve as a plumb bob when you need something to hang on a vertical.

This application will also serve as a timer, as needed. Never again wait for adhesives or cement to cure. And keep OSHA happy by using the decibel meter to ensure that you use the correct type of ear protection, as well. And if you survey a job site, the internal compass feature will help you find the exact sight lines you need.

Carry a measuring wheel and a ladder in your work truck. You may not think of ladders as measuring tools, but the ladder itself usually has a set total length. The distance between each step allows you to use them as a 10- to a 14-inch ruler, depending on the ladder. Calculate and mark the spacing ahead of time. Even if the general contractor has ladders and measuring wheels on-site, bringing one or both with you makes you an asset.


One or more carpentry pencils weigh very little. These flat pencils provide the biggest bang for the buck in usefulness. Survey paint allows you to denote utility lines coming into any structures on the job site, while chalk lines help you make straight cuts and square doors and windows.

Survey paint and chalk lines fit in a standard toolbox. You can also hang them from your tool belt or stick them in your cargo pockets. Chalk lines come in many colours. The most common colours used include red, blue and black. Blue chalk lines should brush away once you make the cuts you need. Use red or black chalk lines outdoors in areas expected to withstand moisture or rain before the project ends. Other colours include white, which washes away easily while providing high contrast on dark materials, and fluorescent colours that offer extra visibility while resisting rain.

Safety and Support

Yes, the job site is supposed to supply your safety gear. But having your gloves, safety glasses, respirator and personal fall arrest system means not having to wait until someone finds them for you. Buying your fall arrest equipment allows you to ensure that you inspect every part of the system every time you gear up. You can give 100 per cent assurance to yourself that when your life hangs literally on that line, you know for sure that it will hold you and any tools you have in your hands.

Reliable personal fall arrest systems consist of three parts. The harness you see skydivers wearing after they detach their parachutes on the ground makes up the first part. Your legs go through the webbing straps that attach to a D-ring at each hip. You pull the straps onto each shoulder and tighten the parachute torso adjusters and the chest strap that should run between your nipples.

The second part of the system has a heavy-duty carabiner at one end, a polyester lifeline inside a hard case in the middle, and a swivelling anchorage loop at the other end. The third part of the system has a web loop and a high-strength steel D-ring for tying off while working. You only undo the tie-off when moving from point A to point B. The lifeline comes into play if you start to fall off the scaffolding or slide down a roof, make a misstep on an upper-story floor with unfinished staircases and open subfloors or fall through an unwalled or unroofed area to several stories below.

You will find some fall arrest system pieces sold separately, or you can buy something called “compliance in a can.” The device consists of all three parts of the fall protection system packed in a container: the harness and lifeline, as well as the tie off. If your job site uses scaffolds, OSHA requires you to use a fall arrest system whether you want to or not.


Make sure that your fall arrest system will support your full weight plus any tools you might have in your hands and pockets.

Manipulating, Gripping and Fastening

Whether you want to grip, fasten, frame, drive, flatten or pry, your tool belt will hold enough screwdrivers and pliers to complete any task. Your carpenter’scarpenter’s pants have a loop specifically designed to stow your favourite hammer. You can fit a tri-square in that same loop as well. Any other tools you carry will make any job easier. You may want to add tongs if you have to perform any hot riveting. Clamps and vices help you hold materials in place while fastening, twisting or bending them. Wood tools such as block planes and chisels or rasps and files help you shave edges to make doors hang straight, remove excess wood to accommodate hinges and locksets, and smooth rough edges. Socket sets and wrenches of various types will make assembly and disassembly much more manageable.

Looking for hConstructions igh-end Melbourne carpentry services? Look no further! Hitch Property has you covered.

Power Tools

Despite their weight, the most useful power tools for carpenters include a power drill or two, a circular saw, jigsaw and reciprocating saw. Buy drill bits and saw blades for masonry and metal, plastic and wood so that you do not have to waste any time off the job to make a tool run.

If you don’t have many tools, don’t worry about buying everything you will possibly ever need on your first visit to the hardware store. Buy what you need for the project that you are planning to build. The rest will come later.

As you become a more experienced carpenter, your knowledge of tools will grow. You will make better decisions when purchasing new tools because you’ll know more about the tools that are available and how each is used to perform its specific task.

If you only plan to use a tool once or twice, you might consider renting or buying a less expensive tool. Harbor Freight is a great place to find inexpensive tools. If you know that you will be using a tool for a long time and on multiple projects, purchasing a high-quality professional-grade tool probably makes the most sense.

Harbor Freight tools, Delta tools, Sears tools, Milwaukee tools, Dewalt, Stanley, Makita, and Rockwell, are some of the many toolmakers to consider while shopping for the right tool for the job. 

The best way to get carpentry experience is to build something. This site provides a list of great projects that will help guide you through the learning process. This site provides you with what you need to build relatively easy projects, as well as projects that are more difficult and require more tools and experience.

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