The wood-destroying fungus known as Serpula lacrymans is more commonly known by its common name, dry rot. On the other hand, in spite of its common name, it will typically only attack wood that is damp. The first sign of an infection may be a single, microscopic spore of dry rot, or it may be the result of cross-contamination from a material that is already infected, such as wood or masonry.
Dry rot is one of the most severe manifestations of dampness that can occur in real estate, and if it is not treated in a timely manner, it has the potential to cause irreparable damage to the structure. As experts in the treatment of dry rot, we strongly recommend conducting routine inspections of your property to look for indications of an infestation.
Due to the locations in which the problem is most likely to be, it is common for the existence of dry rot to go undetected for some time after the damage it caused has already been completed. Dry rot is a type of rot that occurs most frequently in damp, secluded places that have little in the way of ventilation.
At Hitch Property Constructions, we offer timber repairs work from simple timber repair to almost new structures, renovations, and extensions.
What is Dry Rot?
Serpula lacrymans causes dry rot. When wood is over 20% wet, a wood-destroying fungus attacks it.
Dry rot is the worst fungal decay. Dry rot fungus destroys structural timbers, skirting boards, door frames, and flooring as it spreads across masonry. It affects new and old homes. Untreated, it can weaken a building's structure and cause it to collapse.
Dry rot can affect wood structures in your home.
All it takes is for your home's wood to absorb too much moisture (anywhere from 20 percent -30 percent , for example). After that, dry rot spores appear and develop into fungus, which can spread throughout your house to other wooden structures. It destroys wood.
Dry rot occurs when airborne spores come in contact with over 20%-damp wood. These spores sprout grey root hyphae. Hyphae grow into cotton-wool-like mycelium that covers the wood. The fungus eats and dehydrates wood, weakening it. The fungus grows a fruiting body called a sporophore, which produces more spores.
Damp wood creates dry rot spores, which thrive in moist, damp, poorly ventilated conditions. Penetrating damp, condensation, leaking pipes, faulty drainage, broken roof tiles, or a leaking washing machine can all cause damp wood in the home, promoting fungi growth.
The Effects Of Dry Rot
For an infection to start, a building needs a spore, oxygen, a suitable temperature, a susceptible food source, and water. Internal environments contain oxygen and a suitable temperature. In a normal 'dry' environment, water will be present in timber, but at a level that is not conducive to dry rot germination or growth, i.e., less than 20% (a 'normal' dry domestic dwelling may have moisture contents between 8 and 16%). Some woods' natural decay resistance (and properly preserved wood) may prevent rot when damp. Dry rot isn't inevitable if wood is damp, but timbers are at risk.
Spores are everywhere, so they're in all homes. A spore only germinates and infects when damp and fed (i.e., suitably susceptible wood or some other suitable cellulose-based material). For spore germination to be successful, free moisture must be above the fibre saturation point, or 30%. To start decay, wood must be wet. Usually caused by rainwater leaks, plumbing defects, floods, long-term condensation, etc. Still, humid conditions promote decay. Capillary-bound moisture from rising dampness is less likely to cause dry rot, but it will support growth once it does.
In lab experiments, spores germinate in 7-10 days after wetting; older spores take longer. In practise, it takes a while before rot is noticeable in the field.
Once initiated, a minimum timber moisture content of around 20% is required for the infection to survive, although the optimum moisture content for active growth is 35 – 50%; however, decay at 20% and above is likely to be very minimal. Building timbers are kept below 20% moisture content to prevent fungal decay. Given the above conditions, dry rot can develop if wood becomes damp.
What are the Dangers of Dry Rot?
Preventing and treating dry rot Dry rot can damage damp masonry, brickwork, and plaster. Dry rot's rapid spread makes treatment more difficult than with other types of rot, but if left untreated, the fungus can spread through an entire property, causing structural timber and masonry damage.
Dry rot isn't healthy for humans. Its presence in a home may indicate high dampness and condensation, which can cause respiratory problems and lead to woodworm, wet rot, and mould growth. If you notice dry rot in your home, call a professional like Peter Cox.
Check out our range of timber repairs Melbourne at Hitch Property Constructions.
Prevention and Treatment
Detect the Source of Damp
Because the presence of dampness and moisture inside the home is what causes dry rot, it is essential to perform a comprehensive inspection of both the interior and exterior of your property in order to identify any potential sources of dampness. You will easily be able to identify such sources as leaking gutters, rising damp, water leaks, and poor ventilation that can also contribute to the problem with the professional assistance of Peter Cox's dry rot specialists. In addition, you will be able to pinpoint the exact location of the problem.
Damp Proofing Treatment
Peter Cox's damp proofing specialists can make your home more damp-resistant. Damp-proofing walls with Peter Cox's DryWall Thermotek masonry protection cream. It helps prevent damp from entering the home, preventing dry rot and conserving energy. DryWallThermotek's eco-friendly, energy-saving properties (a single coat can save 29% energy) qualify it for a 5% VAT rate.
Dry Rot Elimination
Eliminate all infected wood and replace it with timber that has been pre-treated. A fungicide that is proven to be effective should be applied to any and all remaining timbers that are at risk of being affected by dry rot. In areas where the dry rot has penetrated the masonry, it is necessary to treat the area with a biocide that is based on water.
Selling Your House With Dry Rot
If you are getting ready to sell a house that has dry rot, you should be aware that this issue can have a significant impact on the price that you end up getting for the home. The presence of dry rot in a home can have a negative impact on a potential buyer's ability to obtain a mortgage on the property, which further drives down prices. Potential buyers won't be overly enthusiastic to shell out a great deal of money for a home that has this type of affliction, and the presence of dry rot can also prove to have a negative effect on the potential buyer's ability to secure a mortgage on the property.
Before you put your house up for sale, you should probably take care of those dry rot repairs first. It's probably in your best interest.
Is there a fast way to sell your house with dry rot?
If you don't want to spend the time, effort, and money necessary to make the repairs, and if you also don't want to wait for a buyer to come along who is willing to purchase the property despite the dry rot, then our service may be an excellent choice for you.
Property concerns of this nature do not deter us in the least. We buy any house, which means that even if your house has dry rot, we can still buy it from you. To summarise, we are able to make you an offer in a short period of time and then buy your house from you in as little as two to three weeks (dry-rot and all).
Identifying The Dry Rot Outbreak
First signs of dry rot are a fruiting body (sporophore) or timber shrinking/distortion. The change from dimensional stability to wood instability can be dramatic and sudden, explaining the sudden appearance of dry rot. Fruiting bodies aren't always produced.
Unlike many other wood-destroying fungi, dry rot can grow through porous masonry if it has a food source (wood). This allows it to spread from one area to another. This happens when the masonry is damp from water ingress, rising damp, etc. Dry rot won't spread over or through dry (no capillary moisture) masonry.
Fungal growth forms'strands,' thick-walled structures. These are desiccation-resistant and carry nutrients from the food source to the fungus's growing tips when it's growing through or over nutritionally inert materials, such as masonry or soil. They promote expansion. Growth stops without food.
When the decay is advanced, the wood shrinks and splits cuboidally (this is typical of many wood-destroying fungi). In the absence of fungal growth, it is not always easy to distinguish between dry rot and other fungi (wet rot — brown rots). Wet rot is explained here.
Cellar dry rot If infected wood dries out or its food source is removed, the fungus will die, but it may take a while. In timbers with less than 20% moisture content, the fungus can remain dormant for a year before dying. Lower temperatures may extend this period.
Infected wood limits and stops growth. The growth can survive in damp masonry at 7oC for 9 years and 1 year at ambient temperatures. If new, untreated or inadequately treated wood is put in direct contact with damp, infected masonry, fungal growth may start and spread into the new wood, causing further decay.
Due to variations in the nutritional quality of the food source, dampness, the environment, etc., it is difficult to precisely define the growth rate of dry rot. However, in buildings that have been studied, growth rates of 0.04m to 0.8m per year have been recorded (Building Research Establishment Digest 299); C.R.Coggins (1980) gives a slightly higher general figure of 1 metre per year. Savory (1971) found 1m-1.45m in an experimental house. The author cites a 1.5-meter-per-year growth rate. In the lab, growth rates are 2.9m to 4m per year. It's not always possible to tell if a decline is the result of a single outbreak or the merging of several. Using published growth rates can help determine if an outbreak could have grown a certain distance in a given time.
Optimal conditions for wood growth and decay are usually determined in a lab. In practise, however, such ideal conditions are unlikely to last long. Using 'optimum data' in the field to evaluate dry rot growth and decay is unlikely to be valid. Dry rot can lie dormant under unfavourable conditions for a while before becoming active.
We have a wide range of Melbourne timber repairs for your home renovations. Check out Hitch Property Constructions.
How the Dry Rot Treatment is carried out
If remedial work is planned, it should be done according to the above publications' principles and instructions. Controlling rots requires good building practises and a deep understanding of this organism.
First, we eliminate the source of water, remove infected timber, and promote and maintain drying conditions to control and eliminate rot. Fungus dies without food or water. Where decay is limited and wood/masonry is dry or will rapidly dry once the source of water is eliminated, we may leave such timbers in place if deemed appropriate and structurally sound, minimising the number of repairs necessary and maintaining the original building's structure. This is especially important in the case of historic and listed properties.
Chemical measures are secondary in dry rot control. Chemical treatment of timber and masonry must resist rot for at least the drying down period, which can take years.
Dry rot is a damaging property condition. Untreated, the condition can cause massive damage quickly. Dry rot prevention and treatment are crucial. Experts can help you clean and secure your home.
FAQs About Wood Rot
Dry rot is the most serious form of fungus decay in a building, spreads onto and destroys much of the timber. On the other hand, the wet rot fungus occurs more frequently but is less serious, the decay is usually detained to where the timber becomes and stays wet.
When you come across rotted wood in your old house projects, instead of replacing the damaged wood, you also can repair it with specialty epoxy penetrants (also called consolidants) and fillers to make repairs. Not only is this faster, but the fixed wood is stronger than the original.
How Much Rot is “Too Far Gone”? If it's soft to the touch (wet rot) and you can remove wet wood gunk with a simple pass of your hand, then it's not likely to be salvageable. If your wood has rotted over about 20% then you have a tough choice to make.
The common signs of wet rot include: Darkened timber – darker than surrounding timber. Soft and spongy timber. Cracked appearance that may crumble to touch when dry.
However, as a natural, organic, absorbent substance, wood is subject to damage and decay. When exposed to high humidity or excessive moisture, wood can grow mold or even rot. Simple household items can be used to remove rotton wood odor.