Home Construction Tips

What are the phases of home construction?

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    Building your own home can be an exciting endeavour, but many first-time home builders enter the process without adequate preparation.

    The size and scope of the construction project determine the one-of-a-kind nature of each individual construction process. However, the process of building a sustainable house always follows the same standard steps, and the underlying principles are the same even for projects of a smaller scale, such as renovations.

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    The Stages of Building a House in Australia

    Your life is about to embark on an exciting new phase, and this moment marks its beginning. It is in your best interest to become familiar with the eight steps involved in the process of building a house in Australia.

    Doing so will make the experience as exciting and trouble-free as is humanly possible. In this way, you will be able to know what to expect and be ready to overcome any challenges that may come your way.

    Pre-Construction Planning

    Home Construction Tips

    It is necessary to organise all of the necessary paperwork and legal documents before beginning any home construction work.

    You will need to have a few meetings with your builder in order to accomplish this, as you will need to iron out the details of your final home design (including your inclusions, colours, and material style selections), as well as discuss the suitability of the land, and discuss your floor plan options. Alterations to your structures will extend your timelines and will most likely be evaluated on an individual basis.

    Nevertheless, your builder will be able to provide you with timeframes for this process; therefore, contact your respective Salesperson or the allocated Customer Service Administrator for more information.

    Your builder will start working on getting the necessary approvals for the construction to begin once all the legal matters have been resolved and the final contract has been signed by both parties.

    In the event that your application is accepted, the only thing left for you to do is pay the first scheduled Housing Industry Associated (HIA)-a prescribed deposit of 5 per cent from your financial institution, and construction on your brand-new home will soon get underway.

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    Build Stage 1 – Base

    The base stage of your build is the most important stage of the build, despite the fact that it might not look like it. After all, this is the stage that will ultimately serve as the basis upon which everything else will be constructed. Once construction on a structure has begun, it is very challenging to make changes to the base!

    The following components make up the foundational stage:

    Temporary fencing

    When a temporary fence is erected around your property, it is a good first indication that work is going to begin in a very short amount of time. Always and completely securing the fence, so that there are no openings in it, is a safety requirement that must be met for any and all types of work. Your builders are the ones who are responsible for the upkeep of this fence.

    Portable Toilet

    A portable chemical toilet will be brought to the construction site so that the workers there can relieve themselves. This is typically situated close to the front of your block, just within the perimeter of the temporary fencing.

    If you suffer from claustrophobia, you might want to hold off on using these restrooms until you get back to your house because they are the same kind that is found at music festivals.

    Site Clearance

    It is necessary to clear the land at your location before beginning any groundwork. It is not unusual for construction companies to levy additional fees if your site is cluttered with trash and debris.

    However, the vast majority will let you know in advance if this is necessary, and only a minority of contractors will include the cost of site clearance and garbage removal in their estimate.

    Excavation

    During the excavation phase of the building process, your site will be levelled, the topsoil will be removed, and the site will be prepared for the channelling and installation of drainage.

    The vast majority of builders will not clear or excavate any land outside of the building envelope, which is the area that has been designated to be built upon. If you require additional groundwork, there will be an additional cost associated with it.

    Drainage & Pipe Work

    The plumbing contractor will dig trenches, lay and connect all underground drainage and plumbing pipework, and then backfill the trenches once the site has been levelled and cleaned up.

    The completed project will consist of a level lot that will have a number of vertical pipes that can be seen from the ground.

    Cut & Fill

    An excavator will be brought to the site as soon as the plumbing contractors have finished their portion of the work, and it will be used to create a rough outline of the footprint of the foundation. As soon as this is finished, your lot will be prepared to have a slab built on it.

    Peg Out

    During the peg-out phase, which may be carried out by a qualified surveyor or the contractor in charge of laying the concrete slab, multiple reference pegs are driven into the ground and linked together by a glowing string. The location of where the foundation will be laid can be roughly outlined using this network of pegs.

    Silt Barriers

    Stilt Barriers are commonly installed along the perimeter of a site to prevent any site water runoff from entering adjacent properties, plots, or onto public footpaths and drains. This is done to protect the integrity of the surrounding environment.

    Power Supply

    A visit from an electrical contractor to instal your metre box is on the agenda for the site while the construction of the slab has not yet begun. In the meantime, your metre box will be mounted on a pole in the spot that will eventually be occupied by one of your walls. This will serve as a temporary solution. The electrician will also connect your location to the main power supply during this time.

    Retaining Walls

    This is not a requirement for each and every site, but it is essential for sites that are elevated or have a significant step down to the site next door.

    Only in the event that there is a possibility that your site could slide or combine with the site adjacent to it will this retaining wall be constructed.

    Slab Construction

    This is a very exciting part of the process. Before lining it with black PVC plastic, a concrete slab contractor will first assemble a wooden frame around the pegged outline of your property. This will be done before the slab is poured.

    The majority of slabs are not solid all the way through, which is why it is common practice for them to instal filler material, such as polystyrene blocks, which are then covered with a mesh of reinforcing bars, are suspended by plastic risers.

    In the final step, the builder's specifications are followed closely as the concrete is poured and levelled. After it has been finished and allowed to dry, your slab will be finished and ready for the building to begin.

    Build Stage 2 – The Frame

    After the slab has been laid, the frame will be the most obvious sign that your construction is progressing to the next stage.

    Putting up the framing for a standard house with one story typically takes about a day. The construction time for a home with two stories typically ranges from two to five days, depending on the level of difficulty of the build.

    The following elements are typically included as standard components of the Frame Stage:

    All external & internal frames for walls.

    Frame walls are made up of a series of upright beams that are joined together by noggins, which are smaller pieces of wood, to form a sturdy frame that can be attached to either the external wrapping or the internal plasterboards. These frame walls also serve as a surface for attaching windows and doors to the exterior of the building.

    Installation of all windows & doors.

    The installation of your windows and doors can begin once the framed walls of the structure have been constructed. This typically takes place either immediately during or not long after the framing stage. In some instances, builders will instal temporary doors in advance of Stage 3, as Stage 3 preparations get underway.

    Electrical box fixed in place.

    The electrical fuse box is now incorporated into the frame of your home at this point. It was previously attached to the pole during the stage of preparing the concrete slab for the home's foundation.

    Floor joists (if double story)

    Constructing a building with two stories? In that case, you will find that the floor joists for the upper floor have already been installed. On top of these vertical structures will be built the framework for your second level, which you will construct.

    Cladding

    Got cladding? At this point, the wooden cladding that you have ordered will be installed.

    Floor boarding (If double story)

    When constructing a home with two stories, the floorboards for the upper level, which are typically made of chipboard, are installed by laying them on top of the floor joists and then securing them in place with nails.

    Build Stage 3 – Lock-Up

    The stage known as "lock up" is when the majority of owners begin to get excited. They become ecstatic when they catch a glimpse of what appears to be a nearly finished house, but in reality, the construction is only fifty percent done.

    At this point, you should anticipate that the following tasks will have been finished:

    Building Wrap

    Building wrap, a specialised form of reinforced paper, is utilised for the purpose of providing protection for the structure. Building wrap frequently possesses a reflective surface as well as thermal properties, and it is known as sisalation paper or sarking in the construction industry.

    Windows are fastened to the frame if they were not a part of Stage 2 construction.

    Roof

    The installation of the roof, as well as any flashing, gullies, tiles, tin, and insulation, will take place at this point in the process. This job can typically be finished in a single day if there are no unforeseen complications or if the size of the roof isn't excessively large.

    Walls

    Brickwork, cement sheets, blockwork, and insulation systems can all be installed from this point forwards. Confirming this with your builder is a good idea because some builders will also include the render or the render base coat while others will not; therefore, it is important to ask them about this.

    Facia boards

    The installation of fascia boards and soffit boards (on homes with eves) takes place. The appearance of any overhanging or exposed elements in the design of the house is improved by the addition of these boards, whose only function is to serve purely aesthetic purposes.

    Gutters

    In addition to being a component of the roof, it's likely that gutters will be mounted at this point as well. On the other hand, the installation of the downpipes that run from your roof gutter to the drain is typically delayed until a later stage of the construction process. Any builder worth their salt will instal temporary plastic bags to prevent water from pooling, which can result in damage to the site if it is not properly managed.

    Doors

    Even though it is possible to instal external doors at this stage, it is more likely that the builder will go with the option of installing temporary doors instead. This will prevent any potential damage from occurring to your incredibly expensive and decorative doors.

    You can rest assured that the decorative doors you provided will be installed in place of the temporary doors before the final inspection.

    Brickwork

    There is a good chance that the brickwork veneer or rendered finish that you selected for your house will also be finished at this point in the construction process. Obviously, this is dependent on the builder you choose.

    Build Stage 4 – Fixing

    Fixing My House

    This is the point at which everything starts to look like the designs and rendered images you saw on the plans. This is an exciting time!

    During the stage of fixing, all of the worries and stresses that arose from having to walk over the initial slab and through the frame while wondering if the measurements were accurate will be alleviated.

    The following is what you should anticipate:

    Insulation

    At this stage, the insulation for your roof and walls is being installed. Because it is installed before plasterboarding the ceiling and walls, it is possible that you will not be able to see it when it is finished.

    Plasterboard

    Plastering encompasses not only the walls but also the cornices and the ceilings (if purchased).

    Plasterboard installation on a single house typically takes between one and two days, but this time frame can vary widely depending on the scope of the project and the level of expertise of the team. The construction of a house with two stories can typically be finished within a week.

    Your walls and ceilings are ready to be painted as soon as the plasterboards have been installed and the gaps between them have been filled in.

    Air conditioning / Ducted Heating

    If you have chosen ducted heating or air conditioning, the units for these systems are typically mounted in the attic or the roof space.

    In some instances, the units will be installed prior to the ceiling plasterboards being hung in their proper locations. However, in order to lessen the likelihood that they will be stolen, the vast majority of constructors choose to instal them at a later stage.

    Wet Areas

    Before installing tiles in any area that might get wet, such as a bathroom, a toilet, a washroom, or a laundry room, it is essential to first waterproof the area.

    This step is normally carried out by a specialised contractor, who will locate any areas that are susceptible to significant amounts of water and then waterproof those areas.

    Carpentry

    The process of carpentry is divided into two stages. The installation of the kitchen cabinets, bathroom vanities, skirting boards, architraves, and internal window sills are all included in the first stage of the project. The second and final stage includes high-priced, easily damaged components like internal doors and countertops.

    Plumbing

    In the same way that the carpentry phase is finished in two stages, so too is the plumbing phase. Items such as bathtubs, sinks, shower trays, and laundry troughs are included in the first stage of the renovation.

    The final stage includes the installation of the faucets, showerheads, and toilet bowls because it is best to instal these items after the tiling has been completed so that they are not damaged.

    Electrical

    Your electrician will "rough in" any necessary electrical components prior to beginning the plastering phase of the project. Because of this, the TV, telephone, and data cables will be routed to the fuse box, but they will not be connected. This is done for obvious safety reasons.

    Brickwork

    In the event that brickwork and rendering were not finished during the stage before this one, they will be finished during this stage.

    Garages and Carports

    If your plan calls for a garage or carport, construction on it will take place at this point, along with the construction of any other freestanding garages or structures. It is important to keep in mind that the installation of the garage doors may not take place until a later stage.

    Build Stage 5 – Completion

    It's important to keep things in perspective when thinking about the amount of labour that goes into building a house because, as the proverb goes, "Rome wasn't built in a day." While you wait for the remaining tradespeople to complete the following work, your patience will pay off in spades, despite the fact that it might feel like an eternity.

    Plumbing

    Items such as showerheads, taps, mixers, shower screens, toilets, outside taps, and water storage and heaters are all installed and fully tested by your licenced plumber. As you might expect, this is something that you should expect.

    Painting

    At this point, the painters will paint all of the walls, both inside and outside the building. It is important to keep in mind that the standard practise is to apply a minimum of two coats of paint when spraying the walls and ceilings. Painting the skirting boards, doors, and other woodwork will be the very last step in the process of painting.

    Electrical

    During the final fix, your electricians will instal any "smart home" items that may be necessary in addition to all power points, light fittings, phone and data points, and any other electrical components.

    Carpentry

    The last-minute fix will also include the installation of any and all carpentry components that are still missing, such as interior doors, door handles, and door latches.

    Floors

    Carpets, wood floors, floating floors any flooring that isn’t tiles will be installed at this stage.

    Paths & Driveways

    If this is something that you have requested from your builder, then the installation will take place at this stage. On the other hand, unless it is specifically stated, it is not typically included.

    Site Clean

    It is also a very good sign that your construction project is getting close to being finished when all of the extra building materials and rubbish are removed from both the interior and exterior of your property. It is important to keep in mind that this is not so much cleaning as it is a general clearing of debris.

    Pre Handover Inspection

    During your pre-handover inspection, you will have the chance to formally identify and record any problems or issues that have arisen with the construction.

    It is standard practise for builders to allow a grace period of two to three weeks for the resolution of any problems that may arise. Maintain a level head and pay close attention to detail while conducting your inspection; this is your last opportunity to locate and resolve any problems before moving in.

    Appliances

    On the day of the handover, expensive appliances like your oven, hob, dishwasher, air conditioner, and any other high-priced appliances will be installed so that they are not at risk of being damaged or stolen.

    Hand Over

    Grab the keys, and make the most of your new place! Check out our Tips & Tricks and Other Services sections for additional post-handover advice and information.

    Post-Construction and Home Assurance

    After you have moved in, the builder typically provides a maintenance period of three to twelve months during which they will attend to any areas that require attention.

    With sufficient time, your house will be able to adjust to each of the four seasons and will be able to withstand the test of time.

    Your builder will most likely also provide you with a structural warranty or guarantee that lasts anywhere from seven to fifty years. Do you want additional peace of mind with your new home purchase? Check out our Melbourne home repairs to help you to build your dream house.

    The process of constructing a house does not have to be an intimidating one! In order to better prepare you for the exciting experience of building your own home, the construction process can be broken down into a series of straightforward steps.

    You are not going through this journey on your own because you have a builder who is going to walk you through each and every step of the process to help you have a journey that is both rewarding and fulfilling.

    FAQs About Home Construction

    The most important steps in the construction process are the following: marking, excavation, concrete work, brick masonry, roofing, flooring, and finishing.

    The sooner you get a roof on your brand-new house, the less exposure it will have to rain and snow. Subcontractors and the daily quality checks that are carried out will, without a doubt, be the primary factors that decide the overall quality of the house. On the other hand, in most cases, a house that is built in three months is on par with, or even superior to, one that is built in six months.

    Over the course of these many years, we have talked a great deal about the optical illusion known as the framed-in effect, which makes rooms appear significantly smaller than they actually are. A link to one of those older threads can be found below. At this point, inexperienced builders frequently experience a state of panic.

    This optical illusion occurs because the excavated hole has three dimensions and appears to have a large size, which causes the foundation, which only has two dimensions, to appear to have a smaller size. Because there is no height to the foundation, the space that is actually contained within the foundation appears to be less than it actually is.

    Building and putting together the actual structure is the focus of the work that Framers do, which requires them to get their hands dirty and work outside. Framers are responsible for receiving and managing material deliveries, which may include wall panels, trusses, sheathing, loose lumber, and other hardware and other items that the framers will require.

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