According to the findings of a survey conducted by an insurance company, the majority of failed waterproofing attempts can be found on balconies and terraces. Even though the design criteria for many of these structures give inadequate consideration to the issue of water control, leaking balconies are not always the result of a problem with the waterproofing membrane. Leaking balconies can have catastrophic effects if they are not properly inspected or planned for, and this is something that every homeowner and builder should be concerned about.
The luxury of being able to take in some fresh air without having to leave the confines of one's own home can be provided by balconies. They are also an excellent selling point for condominium communities, apartment complexes, and office buildings.
However, if a balcony is not routinely inspected for signs of wear and tear, what started out as a luxury can quickly become a nightmare. It could be risky to disregard what appears to be a harmless crack in the foundation or a slow drip of water from a pool of water after a heavy rain because doing so could lead to an unsafe situation.
A balcony that is leaking water is a major cause for concern. When a balcony has a leak, it can cause significant damage to the substrate, as well as damage to the tiles and the surface coating. This is potentially a very hazardous circumstance that requires immediate attention in order to be resolved. In some instances, water from a leaking balcony will make its way inside your home, causing damage to the walls and ceilings as well as other potential losses to your property.
Check out Hitch Property Constructions for a wide range of balcony repairs.
Why balconies leak
In their lifetime, most balconies will develop some sort of leak. The efficiency of waterproofing membranes has been impacted as a result of the significant shifts that have taken place over the course of time in the methods used for construction and waterproofing. In particular, multi-level apartment buildings are seeing an increase in the number of balconies that are being built with minimal falls to the substrate. These kinds of balconies are vulnerable to a phenomenon known as "ponding," which refers to the accumulation of water and moisture between the membrane and the tiles. If the waterproofing membrane is unable to withstand the presence of ponding water, the membrane will eventually deteriorate, which will result in water leaks. In addition, waterlogging can cause joint failure, which ultimately results in leaks.
Common causes of balcony leaks
The failure to properly plan before construction, the absence of building maintenance, the pooling of rainwater, which leads to the breakdown of membranes, the absence of drainage, and the natural movement of the building, which can lead to cracks and leakage, are all common causes of leaking balconies.
During the preparation stage of the construction of balconies, proper care and supervision need to be ensured at all times. In order to lessen the likelihood that the balcony will develop a leak, the contractor must have knowledge of how to correctly instal the components, as well as how to use the waterproofing membranes, in accordance with the most recent manufacturing and building codes. The use of shortcuts during construction or a lack of expertise can lead to an improper installation of the waterproofing, which can result in leaks, damage to the structural component of the balcony and building, and the possibility of collapse or breakdown of the structure, not to mention the potential health risks that may result from the formation of mould.
It might be necessary to spend a lot of money to repair the waterproofing system, which would involve the reinstallation of membranes and other associated finishes. Furthermore, leaks can spark disagreements between neighbours or between homeowners and landlords, which may ultimately result in legal action being taken.
All of these risks can result in a variety of complications, including a loss of financial resources, a decline in property value, and potential threats to one's health and safety.
The following are some of the most significant and widespread factors that contribute to balcony leaks:
- Insufficient pre-construction planning and preparation.
- There was no building maintenance at all.
- Rainwater leads to pooling, which accelerates the degradation of membranes.
- Lack of drainage in this area.
- Natural building movement can cause cracks in the structure, which then allow water to seep through.
When constructing balconies, the preparation stage calls for a high level of caution and attention to detail. To ensure a solution to a leaking balcony that will last for the long term, one must familiarise oneself with the proper installation of components and the use of appropriate membranes, as specified in the most recent codes governing the manufacturing of building materials and construction. When builders and contractors try to save time by using shortcuts or when they lack the skills necessary to properly coordinate the installation of waterproofing, this can result in damage as well as potential health risks. Such risks include:
- The structural component of both the balcony and the building has been damaged, which could lead to the breakdown or collapse of either.
- Reinstalling membranes and associated finishes, which is an expensive part of the rectification process.
- Conflicts that arise between neighbours or between homeowners and landlords, which may lead to legal action being taken.
- The growth of mould, which is associated with significant increases in the risk of illness.
All of these dangers can result in a variety of problems, including monetary loss, a decline in the value of one's property, as well as threats to one's health and safety.
What to look out for to prevent balcony leaks?
Because balconies are constantly subjected to the elements, they are at risk of developing water seepage problems. The construction of every balcony is one-of-a-kind, and the possibility of water penetration is increased if the methods of waterproofing do not conform to the structure of the balconies. In order to prevent leaks, balconies need to have appropriate drainage and isolation from the interior elements of a building. Additionally, the appropriate waterproofing membrane must be installed. The failure of the waterproofing is typically the result of an inexperienced contractor, the incorrect selection of membrane, or the desire on the part of either the homeowner or the contractor to cut costs.
If you have a balcony that is leaking, the first thing you need to do is conduct a thorough check and assessment to determine whether or not there are any abnormalities or maintenance issues. When you pour water over the tiles and notice that some of it leaks out, this is an indication that the membrane has been breached or is defective, which allows water to seep through. Other things to keep an eye out for include the following:
- Broken or missing grout between the tiles.
- traces of water on the underside of the balcony or on the ceiling of the interior.
- Issues were experienced when attempting to open and close the balcony doors.
- paint that is flaking or cracking.
- Joints in the balcony railing and posts that aren't very strong structurally.
If you have reason to believe that water is leaking onto your balcony, the most prudent thing for you to do is to get a professional to conduct an inspection of the area so that you can figure out the cause of the problem. They are able to determine whether or not any of the preceding conditions apply, as well as whether or not the membrane has failed.
Preventing balcony leaks
Because balconies are constantly subjected to the elements, they are more likely to develop water seepage issues. The construction of each balcony is one of a kind, and the balconies themselves can look very different from one building to the next. If the methods of waterproofing do not accommodate the design of the balcony, then the possibility of water penetration is increased. Drainage is essential, as is the correct isolation from the interior components of the building, followed by the installation of the appropriate waterproofing membrane to stop any leaks that may occur. Failures in waterproofing are typically the result of inexperienced contractors, the selection of the wrong membrane, or attempts to cut costs during the construction process.
If you discover a water leak on your balcony, you should immediately contact a professional to carry out an exhaustive check and evaluation in order to determine whether or not there are any abnormalities or maintenance issues. Signs may include paint that is peeling or splitting, grout that is cracked or missing, water stains on the underside of the balcony or the internal ceiling, difficulties opening and closing the balcony doors, peeling grout, and structural joints that are weak in the balcony railings and posts.
Get a professional waterproofing service to fix a leaking balcony.
When you hire the services of a professional waterproofing company, you can rest assured that the repair work will be carried out utilising the appropriate products, levels of expertise, and methods. When you hire a professional service, they will use the best waterproofing membrane solution possible to ensure that the balcony is sealed against the elements and can withstand the structural movement of the balcony. They will also inspect the balcony and provide you with recommendations regarding any additional work that may be necessary to alleviate other potential issues, such as drainage and overflows.
What is involved in Balcony Waterproofing?
A specialist will examine your balcony in the comfort of your own home and provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to get the surface ready. The service includes the application of a sealant on tiles and grout joints as well as a perimeter seal and a chemical tile once the surface has been prepared. In addition, the service includes a chemical tile.
Will The Tiles Have to Be Removed?
It is not necessary to remove the tiles at this time. Instead, the sealant is painted on top of the tiles to prevent water from seeping through the spaces between them. Additionally, this prevents dirt from getting into the grouting, which would otherwise cause damage.
How Long Will It Take?
In most cases, the task can be completed rapidly with only a minimum amount of disruption, and it offers an efficient and cost-effective solution to the problem of balcony leaks.
Looking for balcony repairs Melbourne? Look no further. Hitch Property Constructions has you covered.
Why You Should Not Delay Balcony Leak Repairs
If you do nothing to fix it, a leaking balcony is more than just an annoyance to deal with:
- When water seeps into the spaces below living quarters, it can give rise to disagreements between neighbours and even result in legal action.
- Mold spores will continue to spread from damp areas of the home, which is harmful to the health of the people living there.
- Leaks in the surrounding structures can eventually lead to the failure of the essential components of the structure if they are exposed to water.
- The ceiling and walls below will begin to lose their colour and will require repainting at some point.
- It's possible that damage has been done to the electrical systems, which could result in power outages and the release of potentially harmful charges.
What Should I Do If I Suspect My Balcony has a Leak?
If you suspect that water is getting into your home through your balcony, you should contact a professional waterproofing company that focuses on repairing leaks in balconies. Do not even attempt a do-it-yourself solution to the problem of a leaking balcony; fixing it is difficult and should not be taken lightly. To resolve the issue in an appropriate manner requires the application of particular processes, tools, and goods designed for the task. The penetrating structures will also have sealant applied to them by a professional in order to prevent further leaks.
How To Fix A Leaking Balcony Yourself
Create a Spreadsheet of Visual Checks
Conducting routine visual inspections of the balcony for any signs of damage or wear and tear is the most effective method for preventing a balcony disaster. Before entering your observations into a spreadsheet, it is recommended by industry professionals that you examine both the floor and the roof of the balcony for signs of rust, cracks, and discoloration.
This will provide you with a benchmark against which you can evaluate your data as you carry out your monthly checks. In this manner, you will have sufficient information approximately six months from now to analyse any changes that may have occurred during this period of time.
This spreadsheet will be helpful for you so that you can see if the cracks have gotten longer or the discoloration has spread. Additionally, it will be useful for an expert who has been hired to help assess the problem and find a solution to it.
When keeping a record of your routine checks, the Fair Trading of New South Wales recommends that you check for all of the following elements:
- Puddles of water on the balcony, which could cause water damage and leaks if they are not addressed.
- Loose handrails
- points of connection and the apexes of balustrades
- Lining board that might get in the way of your view while you're performing visual checks on the connection points.
- Long, unsupported beams that span great distances but don't connect to anything.
- Beams that have warped or bowed as a result of the weight of the building or just general wear and tear
When a problem has been identified, it is in your best interest to consult with an expert about the various options available to you for repairing your balcony.
How to Fix the Problem
After performing your routine checks, the first thing you need to do to fix your balcony is to repair any damage to the concrete and determine which type of sealant will be most effective. At this stage, it is in your best interest to seek the assistance of a qualified expert, as you do not want to put your life in jeopardy by working on structures that may not be safe.
Having said that, for the benefit of those who are interested in learning about the process of repair, the following is a list of the general steps:
- The first thing you need to do is remove all of the items from your balcony, and then make sure that the area is blocked off to ensure the safety of your loved ones and close friends.
- The next step is to calculate the square footage of the deck so that you can determine how many square metres of compressed cement sheet to purchase. When doing this, be sure to buy 20 percent more material than you need in case you make any mistakes.
- The next step is to use a pry bar or a circular saw to dismantle the existing flooring system that has rotted.
- When that is finished, you can begin cutting the remaining pieces to size by laying down a couple of pieces of plywood or compressed cement sheeting. This will allow you to walk safely on the balcony while you work.
- The new substrate needs to be put in place at this point. We suggest making use of sheets made of compressed cement (i.e. Scyon). Be sure to grind back the waxy surface of the Scyon and thoroughly vacuum and clean it. This is absolutely crucial! The Liquid Rubber will not bond to the surface if it is dirty or if there is any dust on it.
Using Liquid Rubber to Waterproof Your Balcony
There are a lot of different methods for waterproofing that you can choose from, but some of them have certain drawbacks. The torch-on method, for instance, has the potential to cause damage to the roof wiring, and sheet membranes have the potential to delaminate and tear. This is why we use the liquid applied membranes that are considered to be the gold standard. DIYers are also able to apply liquid applied membranes thanks to the availability of kits online.
The use of liquid rubber results in a membrane that is robust, flexible, and seamless. Because it is applied using a roller and a brush, it gives the user more control over the product, which makes it easier to really seal all of those difficult nooks and crannies.
This item does not give off any smell and is not flammable or toxic in any way. Because there are no transportation hazards during the application process or after, this option is the safest choice for you, your family, and your company.
A manufacturer's warranty is included with the purchase of liquid rubber membranes, and these membranes can be applied to horizontal as well as vertical surfaces.
It also does not call for the use of any additional primers or mixers during the application process. In addition, the membrane's increased elasticity serves as a defence against fissures and tears.
This membrane is also resistant to the effects of different types of weather and will not oxidise or become loose over time. It really is the pinnacle of waterproofing technology and the gold standard.
Maintaining Your Balcony
It is possible that over the course of time, water and other environmental factors, including weather, slowly eroded away at the foundation of the balcony. This was the case with the news story that we began with. It's possible that this was caused by inadequate waterproofing, which led to the tragic events that ultimately transpired.
After all, selecting the most effective and dependable method of waterproofing in order to protect the structure of your balcony should be the initial step in the maintenance process for your balcony. In addition, we will be happy to discuss your waterproofing requirements as well as explain the many other advantages associated with the application of liquid membrane waterproofing.
Waterproof Membranes to Australian Standards
The best way to stop water from leaking through balconies is to make sure they are properly waterproofed when they are first built. When applying waterproofing membranes, contractors have a responsibility to follow the standards outlined in AS4654.2.
In order to avoid problems with leaking and seepage over time, there are certain precautions that need to be taken. Installing a waterproofing membrane on your balcony is the method that is most highly recommended for protecting it from water damage caused by leaks. In order for the membrane to serve its purpose, it must be of a high quality and have a durable construction.
Several areas of your balcony that are susceptible to water infiltration are shielded from damage by a membrane system. You can protect the structure for extended periods of time and save money on costly repairs if you stop water from leaking underneath the balcony and prevent it from getting wet.
The most important requirement for the waterproof membrane is that it be flexible. A skilled contractor is aware of the fact that the expansion and contraction of building materials over time is caused by a variety of factors, including the environment. A waterproofing membrane that is flexible can accommodate movement in the structure, which includes movement in the building that is connected to your balcony.
When it comes to waterproofing a balcony, you should not try to save time or money by cutting corners. Application that is not done correctly will result in damage and leaks. Only the highest-quality materials and the most effective methods of application. Will bring about an effective membrane system that can be used to waterproof a balcony.
Fix a Leaking Balcony with professional help
When it comes to fixing leaks in balconies, homeowners should steer clear of doing repairs themselves using do-it-yourself methods. Leaks from balconies are more than just an annoyance; they can also pose a significant threat to both your property and your person. Repairing a leaking balcony and properly waterproofing it is a complicated process that requires specialised tools and techniques, and it is recommended that only trained professionals attempt this repair.
Hiring a waterproofing company that is both licenced and professional is the most effective method for repairing a leaking balcony. An experienced professional is aware of how to test for leaks and locate the weakest point of your balcony that is susceptible to water penetration. As part of the renovation process, they will take down any structures, such as air conditioning units, that are located on the balcony in order to ensure that it is properly sealed. Repairing extensive damage requires a specific set of abilities as well as years of experience, both of which licenced professionals possess. In addition to this, they will examine the entirety of the balcony and provide guidance regarding other potential issues, such as drainage and overflows.
When caught in their early stages, balcony leaks can be fixed in a way that is both straightforward and inexpensive. If you abandon it for a significant amount of time, you will be forced to start over and rebuild it. Exorbitant costs may be incurred when re-constructing a balcony. Therefore, taking corrective action is always recommended.
Hitch Property Constructions has a wide range of the Melbourne balcony repairs right here.
The signs of a leaking balcony are important for homeowners to be aware of in order to protect their homes from suffering expensive and potentially hazardous damage brought on by balcony leaks. Even though you might be able to inspect your balcony for any leaks or seepage, you should not attempt to repair your balcony on your own. Instead, you should only trust skilled professionals.
Building in Australia is governed by a set of regulations and standards that certified contractors are familiar with. In addition, it is important to seal your balcony using the appropriate tools and waterproofing systems. Your balcony is protected from water damage as long as the appropriate waterproof membrane is installed.
FAQs About Balcony Repair
It is necessary to waterproof a balcony in order to protect any area that is located underneath the balcony from constant water entry. The process of waterproofing balcony surfaces is an essential part of the building process, and it is not something that should be taken lightly in regions that are prone to heavy snowfall or flooding.
The phenomenon known as "ponding" can occur on a balcony with a minimal fall because it increases the likelihood of water pooling and moisture becoming trapped between the membrane and the tiles. If the waterproofing membrane that was applied is not capable of withstanding ponding water, the membrane will eventually deteriorate, which will result in water leaks. In addition, waterlogging can cause joint failure, which ultimately results in leaks.
The following are some of the most common indications of a leak:
- Buckling of the timber frame or bending of the frame.
- There are tiles missing from the walls.
- Puddles of water occupying your priceless balcony space.
- Seals and grout that are broken or missing in some areas.
- Walls that are cracked.
- A balcony that is falling apart.
Simply put, you should not attempt to do the plumbing or electrical work on your own. It is highly likely against the law to do so, and you do not want to make any mistakes when installing electrical components in damp environments. Whenever you are working on a do-it-yourself project, especially in damp areas, keep your wits about you. In cases where there is room for uncertainty, it is best to delegate the work to trained experts.
This word can be written with or without a 'h,' though the version without the 'h' is more common and correct. A covered structure that runs along the exterior of a home is known as a veranda. It is on the same plane as the ground floor and frequently encompasses the entire front as well as the sides of the building.