A fence is more than just a structure that divides two areas of land; it also serves many other functions. Fencing installation can solve a variety of problems that landowners or homeowners may be experiencing, such as livestock containment, increased kerb appeal, and increased safety and security. Do's and don'ts are important to remember when installing a fence, even though there are many different materials that can be used, the most common of which are wire, aluminium, chain link, vinyl, wood, and wrought iron.
Before you start building your fence, remember to check local ordinances and your Homeowner's Association for any guidelines that may apply to your fence. Contractors should be able to complete the first two steps on autopilot, but do-it-yourselfers should keep this step in mind. Also, before you begin digging, contact the appropriate utility companies and have their buried lines located and marked. Looking for fencing services Melbourne services? Look no further! Hitch Property Constructions has you covered.
In spite of the fact that there is a wide variety of options available in terms of the style, materials, and functions of a fence, there are a few pointers from an informative article that any installer could use to help make a fence installation even more successful.
The Do's and Don'ts to Remember
The installation of a residential fence improves the visual appeal of your property while also increasing its sense of security and privacy. It is one of the more significant projects that you can do to improve your home, but you should prepare yourself for some mistakes and omissions to occur along the way. When it comes to putting up fences, you need to make sure that you have the appropriate knowledge under your belt before attempting the task. Keep reading to find out some of the things that you should and should not do with regard to this project.
DO Choose the Correct Type of Wood
Keep in mind that the long-term performance of different types of fence posts can vary greatly depending on the type of wood used. The use of pressure-treated wood, which is not only long-lasting but also relatively inexpensive, is one of the most popular options. Species that are naturally resistant and beautiful, such as cedar, cypress, and redwood, are also frequently used but cost a significant amount more. Prices can vary significantly depending on the region. All of them have resins in them, which protect them from the damaging effects of moisture and insects.
Other species, such as spruce, oak, and pine, are acceptable for use, but only after being pre-treated with a brush-on preservative. This is the only condition under which this is acceptable (look for copper naphthenate on the list of ingredients). Because it contains stronger defences, especially against wood-boring insects, heartwood is almost always the superior choice to sapwood, which is younger and lighter in colour. Heartwood is characterised by its darker colour and higher density. Lastly, regardless of the type of wood you go with, you should always make sure to purchase lumber that has been specifically designated for use in in-ground applications. Hitch Property Constructions has a wide range of Melbourne fencing services.
DO NOT Make Too Small of Postholes
It's possible that the local building codes and ordinances in your area specify the minimum acceptable depth and diameter of holes for fence posts. In cases where this is not the case, conventional rules of thumb provide a trustworthy guide. In general, experts recommend digging a hole that is sufficiently deep to bury the bottom third of the post below ground level.
This is done in part to ensure that the posts are anchored below the frost line. Therefore, you would dig a hole that is two feet deep for a post that is six feet in height. The diameter, on the other hand, ought to have a measurement that is equal to three times the width of the post. Therefore, the perfect hole for a standard 4x4 would be one that is twelve inches across. It is essential that you are aware that the holes in the fence posts have to be of a barrel shape with flat walls and a diameter that stays the same from the top to the bottom.
If you dig with a standard shovel, the hole you create will be in the shape of a cone. Instead, use a posthole digger to complete the task in a manner that is more expedient and less laborious (available for rent at your local home centre). In that case, you should make use of a clamshell digger, which will move at a slower pace but will be just as effective, especially if you are dealing with rocky soil.
DO Use a Gravel Base Layer
It is likely that the failure of a fence post was caused by moisture that rotted the wood over time. This is the case when the failure occurs in the absence of any signs of a pest infestation. Put some pea gravel or crushed stone in the bottom of the posthole, and it will help slow down the deterioration of the structure.
After you have added enough gravel to reach a depth of approximately three inches, use an old piece of lumber to tamp down the layer to compact the gravel. After that, add an additional three inches of gravel to the hole and pack it down a second time with the tamping down tool. This uncomplicated adjustment makes a significant difference in facilitating the rainwater's free flow into the subsoil. It works so well, in fact, that some builders will choose to only set fence posts with gravel when working in climates that are relatively mild.
Although there are circumstances in which that strategy makes sense, in most cases, professionals will advise using a combination of gravel (for drainage) and concrete to create a structure that will last for a long time (for much-needed stability). One variety of concrete, known as rapid-setting concrete, performs exceptionally well in such applications.
DON'T Prepare the Incorrect Amount
Concrete that sets up in a hurry lives up to its name and doesn't keep you waiting. In point of fact, it only takes 15 minutes for the CTS Rapid Set Concrete Mix to set. Taking this into consideration, it is only reasonable to plan out your strategy. First, think about the dimensions of the posthole in relation to the amount of concrete that will be produced. Due to the fact that one standard bag of CTS Rapid Set Concrete Mix weighs 60 pounds and produces roughly 0.5 cubic feet, you may need to prepare multiple bags at the same time depending on the size of your house. Be very careful not to mix more concrete than you can possibly place in its final location within the next 15 minutes before it starts to harden.
After determining how much concrete needs to be prepared, the next step is to mix the dry ingredients with water, paying careful attention to the specific ratio that is printed on the package. Keep mixing for another two or three minutes until the consistency is completely smooth and there are no remaining lumps. Now that the post is in its final position, you can start pouring concrete into the posthole so that it is completely filled. To achieve this, pack the concrete to a level that is slightly higher than the soil around it. Trowel the concrete in this area so that it slopes away from the post to prevent any pooling from occuring. First, you should make sure that the post hasn't moved out of alignment, and then you should wait for the concrete to set.
DO Apply Caulk to Each Fence Post
In just one hour, CTS Rapid Set Concrete Mix will have completely hardened into its final state. You might believe that the job is finished, but there is one more significant aspect that needs to be attended to in order to protect the fence post from rotting. Examine first the part of the hole that is closest to the post that sticks out of it. Do you see where the seam is? If this seam is not addressed, there is a risk that moisture will become trapped in any tiny gaps that exist between the wood and the concrete. This moisture could potentially cause rot over time, but this outcome is not a given by any means.
Caulk is a straightforward solution that can be utilised to close the opening, after all. Act proactively: As soon as the concrete has reached the desired level of hardness, you can go ahead and apply exterior acrylic latex caulk directly to the seam, going all the way around the post. (Alternatively, you could make use of any silicone caulk that is compatible with concrete.) Be aware that the cumulative effect of freeze-thaw cycles may cause the seam to widen, which means that you will most likely need to recaulk the joint on a regular basis.
DON'T Neglect to Do Due Diligence
Be responsible. Before you get started on your project, you should make sure that your planned fence does not deviate in any way from the specifications of any applicable building codes or ordinances by consulting with officials from the local municipality. Certain municipalities have very stringent rules and regulations.
Also, as you would for any project that involves digging deep down in the dirt, and do this about a week before you plan to start the work. This will allow the utility company to come to your property and mark the approximate location of any lines that run under your property before you begin digging on your property. This step is necessary for any project that involves digging deep down in the dirt. Make no mistake: When you don't know what's buried just a foot or two below the surface of the ground, digging can be an extremely risky activity.
As long as you keep a safe distance from any buried lines, you shouldn't have to worry about your safety at all. A little bit of routine inspection and upkeep of the posts themselves can go a long way towards ensuring that your fence will last for many years. Inspect your fence's posts at least once a year, preferably in the spring or fall, and reapply paint or stain as needed to maintain the best possible appearance of your fence and to protect the wood.
Other Things to Keep In Mind
- Before beginning construction, it is imperative that you conduct a thorough check to ensure that you have all of the necessary components and materials.
- Before you tighten the monofilament line or hang the fence mesh, you should check to see that the concrete in the corners and ends of the fence has completely hardened.
- Always make sure to use a level to get posts that are perfectly vertical.
- To prevent water from pooling around your posts, you should slightly mound the dirt around them.
- It is a good idea to fill the bottom of your postholes with crushed stone or gravel. This provides a sturdy base for the posts, but it is not required when they are being installed in areas with heavy clay and rock.
- It is important to plan the location of your gate before beginning construction in order to avoid problems with the placement of your posts and braces.
- Before drilling or installing any of the parts, you should give them all a dry fit first.
- Before installing the actual posts, you should always instal the post extensions and post caps.
- Along with your line posts, you should make use of at least one zip tie every foot.
- You should secure your fence to the ground with stakes every five feet. When confronted with a fence, deer will always look for a way to go around it or under it.
- Do make use of a product which features air-driven fence stapling that features holding power and superior corrosion protection, thereby making these staples a reliable long term solution for the purpose of fastening a fence.
- Do not proceed with the installation of the fence before conducting a thorough examination of your property lines.
- Don't eyeball post-placement. Carefully measure for evenly spaced fence posts, and before you start digging, make sure to mark all of the locations of the fence posts in a line.
- Corner bracing should not be skipped. Because corner posts bear the weight of your fence when it is stretched in both directions, additional bracing needs to be added to your fence in both directions for it to be more secure.
- It is not sufficient to simply shovel soil around the line posts and then compact it with your foot. After each addition of six inches' worth of soil, tamp it down firmly with a wood post or other tamping device before proceeding to the next six inches' worth of soil.
- Be sure to dig your postholes to the appropriate depth. In order to avoid the problem of the posts heaving, the corner posts should be set a few inches below the frost line. This indicates that your post should be dug to a depth of 30–36 inches in the majority of areas.
- It is important that your line posts not be installed before the monofilament. You will have a perfect guideline for positioning your posts if you begin by installing the monofilament line first.
- Remember to include the post caps. Your posts have the potential to become rotted more quickly and fill with water if you do not use post caps.
- Avoid passing the monofilament line through the fence in a woven pattern. This will result in bunching and the finished product will have a wavy appearance. Use hog rings or zip ties instead.
How to Strengthen Fence Posts Without Pouring Concrete
Fences demarcate the boundaries of a property and create a physical barrier between your house and the rest of the homes in the neighbourhood. The most common method for installing fence posts in the ground is to use poured concrete. While this method results in a sturdy anchor, the solid block it creates makes it difficult to relocate the fence in the future. Gravel is one of the primary components of concrete, and it plays a role in helping the cement material to bind together.
However, gravel can also be properly compacted to create a strong and stable base for posts. Gravel improves drainage around fence posts and makes it simpler to remove fence posts if you later decide you no longer want a fence. Gravel also helps prevent erosion. Check out our Melbourne fencing services services here.
- Post hole diggers, a digging bar, or a mechanical soil auger should be used to dig the post hole to a depth of at least 24 inches; however, for the best chance of preventing upheaval, the post should be set at a depth of at least 40 inches if at all possible. The diameter of the hole ought to be somewhere between two and three times that of the fence post.
- Reduce the length of a piece of lumber measuring either 1 by 4 inches or 2 by 4 inches to be twice as long as the diameter of the fence post. This component, which is known as a deadman post support, assists in securing the post in the ground. It is especially useful in situations in which the post hole cannot be dug forty inches deep.
- Attach the small piece of lumber to the bottom of the fence post using 16d nails or wood screws measuring 3 inches in length, with the nails or screws running perpendicular to the fence post. It is recommended that the board be attached to the bottom of the length of the fence post rather than the bottom end of the fence post.
- Pour approximately 6 inches of gravel or crushed rock into the bottom of the post hole. For optimal compaction, use gravel that consists of pieces of irregular shape and size, as well as some gravel dust.
- The gravel or rock should be packed down using the flat end of a digging bar to create a level base, and the level should be checked using a small torpedo level.
- Place the post in the hole, use a level to check the post's sides, and make any necessary adjustments to get it plumb. It is important to ensure that the horizontal piece of lumber fits snugly against the sides of the post hole.
- Gravel or crushed rock should be used to fill in the hole around the post to a depth of approximately 6 inches. Put some pressure on the gravel or rock and make sure it completely surrounds the deadman support. Using the round end of a digging bar, pack the fill in as tightly as possible.
- Before proceeding, first use a level to ensure that the post's sides are plumb, and then make any necessary adjustments.
Pack the aggregate with the digging bar and check for plumb before moving on to the next layer of gravel. The remaining portion of the hole should be filled with crushed rock or gravel, one layer at a time, no more than six inches thick.
FAQs About House fence
Masonry wall fencing is the most durable fence material. This includes brick, concrete, stone, block, and even stucco. It's known for its longevity and can last over 100 years without any issues.
Fencing increases the value of your home by a fraction of the price of the fencing. If you have a $10,000 fence installed, your home value is likely to go up $6,000 or so. you want to make sure that fencing is in the back of the home, that it is well done, and that it is kept up well also.
Aluminum fences are often considered the easiest to install—you simply have to assemble the sections of rails rather than, say, chopping your own wood and then nailing it together.
If you are not wanting to dig to set your fence post, a metal spike anchor might be the easiest option. Instead of digging a hole to put the post in, you take a metal spike anchor like this one (Amazon link) and place it where you would like the hole for your fence post.
No, fence posts don't need to be set in concrete, and there are plenty of other ways to fix your posts if this feels a bit too permanent. If you are using wooden posts, concrete may actually be the worst option.